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7 types of flange sealing surface: FF, RF, M, FM, T, G, RTJ

Flanged butterfly valve has a flange on the valve, and bolts are used to connect the flanges at both ends of the valve to the pipe flange. Do you know all the 7 types of flange sealing surfaces? FF, RF, MF, M, T, G, RTJ
The flange sealing surface basically has:

Full plane: FF
Raised face: RF
Concave/female: FM
Convex/Male: M
Tenon: T
Groove surface: G
Ring connection surface RTJ (RJ)  types, according to the different working conditions, medium, pressure, specifications, temperature, etc., so the selected types are not the same. Let’s get to know the types of these flange sealing surfaces together!
FF-full plane:
Flat Face Full Face type sealing surface is completely flat, suitable for occasions where the pressure is not high and the medium is non-toxic.

flange FF

flange FF 

RF-raised face:
The Raised Face type of sealing surface is the most widely used among several types, and the most commonly used one. The international standards, European system and domestic standards are all fixed heights, but in the American standard flange, it should be noted that the height of high pressure will increase the sealing surface. There are also many types of gaskets used. Gaskets suitable for raised face sealing surface flanges include various non-metallic flat gaskets, coated gaskets; metal-wrapped gaskets; spiral wound gaskets (including outer ring or inner and outer ring).

flange RF

flange RF

Convex/Male: M
Concave /female: FM
The two types of sealing surfaces, Male Face and Female Face, are a pair, one female and one male. They must be used together. They are easy to align and prevent the gasket from being extruded. Suitable for occasions with higher pressure.
The suitable sealing gaskets for the concave-convex sealing surface include: various non-metallic flat gaskets and coated gaskets; metal-clad gaskets; basic type or winding stopper with inner ring, etc.
T-tenon
G-groove surface
Tongue Face and Groove Face are similar to the concave-convex surface. They are also a male and female matched sealing surface type, and they are also used in pairs. The gasket is located in the annular groove and is restricted by the metal walls on both sides. It can prevent the gasket from being compressed and deformed and squeezed into the pipeline. Since the gasket is not in direct contact with the fluid medium in the pipe, it is less eroded or corroded by the fluid medium, so it can be used for high pressure, flammable, explosive, and toxic mediums that require strict sealing. This kind of sealing surface gasket has good installation and neutrality, but it is difficult to process the sealing surface. It is easy to damage the sealing surface when replacing the gasket, and the flange must be separated in the axial direction during installation and disassembly. Therefore, consideration should be given to the pipeline design. It is possible to separate the flange in the axial direction.
Suitable gaskets for the sealing surface of the tongue and groove surface include: various metal and non-metal flat gaskets, metal-clad gaskets and basic spiral wound gaskets.

flange TG-

flange TG-

RTJ(RJ)-Ring connection surface
The flange of the Ring Joint Face seal is also a narrow-face flange, and an annular trapezoidal groove is opened on the flange surface as the flange sealing surface, which is the same as the tongue-and-groove flange. The flange must be separated in the axial direction during installation and disassembly. Therefore, the possibility of separating the flange in the axial direction should be considered in the pipeline design.
The sealing surface is specially designed to cooperate with solid metal gaskets processed into octagonal or elliptical shapes from metal materials to achieve a sealed connection. Since the metal ring gasket can be based on the inherent characteristics of various metals, the sealing performance of this sealing surface is good, and the installation requirements are not too strict. It is suitable for high temperature and high pressure working conditions, but the processing accuracy of the sealing surface is relatively high. (According to the Pipe Fittings, Pumps and Valves Alliance)

flange-RTJ-RJ-

flange-RTJ-RJ-

flange-RTJ-RJ-02

flange-RTJ-RJ-02

The chemical composition, characteristics and applications of rubbers

Here we will introduce Rubber variety (abbreviated symbol) with their Chemical composition, Performance characteristics and Main application.

1. Natural rubber (NR) is mainly rubber hydrocarbon (polyisoprene), containing a small amount of protein, moisture, resin acid, sugar and inorganic salt. Large elasticity, high tensile strength, excellent tear resistance and electrical insulation, good wear resistance and drought resistance, good processability, easy to bond with other materials, and superior to most synthetic rubbers in comprehensive performance. Disadvantages are poor resistance to oxygen and ozone, easy to aging and deterioration; poor resistance to oil and solvents, low resistance to acid and alkali, and low heat resistance. Operating temperature range: about -60℃~+80℃. Production of tires, rubber shoes, hoses, tapes, insulation layers and sheaths of wires and cables, and other general products. It is especially suitable for manufacturing torsional vibration eliminators, engine shock absorbers, machine supports, rubber-metal

lug type butterfly valve-ductile iron

lug type butterfly valve-ductile iron

suspension components, diaphragms, and molded products.

2. Styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) is a copolymer of butadiene and styrene.
The performance is close to natural rubber, and it is currently the largest output of general-purpose synthetic rubber. It is characterized by abrasion resistance, aging resistance and heat resistance exceeding natural rubber, and its texture is more uniform than natural rubber. The disadvantages are: low elasticity, poor flex resistance and tear resistance; poor processing performance, especially poor self-adhesiveness and low green rubber strength. Operating temperature range: about -50℃~+100℃.
Mainly used to replace natural rubber to make tires, rubber sheets, hoses, rubber shoes and other general products.

3. Butadiene rubber (BR)
It is a cis-structure rubber formed by polymerization of butadiene. The advantages are: excellent elasticity and wear resistance, good aging resistance, excellent low temperature resistance, low heat generation under dynamic load, and easy metal bonding. The disadvantages are low strength, poor tear resistance, poor processing performance and self-adhesiveness. Operating temperature range: about -60℃~+100℃.
Generally used together with natural rubber or styrene-butadiene rubber, mainly to make tire treads, conveyor belts and special cold-resistant products.

4. Isoprene rubber (IR) is a kind of cis structure rubber made by polymerization of isoprene monomer. The che

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (4)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (4)

mical composition and three-dimensional structure are similar to natural rubber, and the performance is very close to natural rubber, so it is called synthetic natural rubber. It has most of the advantages of natural rubber. Due to its aging resistance, natural rubber has slightly lower elasticity and strength than natural rubber, poor processing performance and higher cost. Operating temperature range: about -50℃~+100℃ It can replace natural rubber to make tires, rubber shoes, hoses, tapes and other general products.

5. Chloroprene rubber (CR) is a polymer formed by emulsion polymerization of chloroprene as monomer.
This kind of rubber contains chlorine atoms in its molecule, so compared with other general rubbers: it has excellent antioxidant, ozone resistance, non-flammable, self-extinguishing after fire, oil resistance, solvent resistance, acid and alkali resistance, aging and gas resistance. Advantages such as good tightness;
Its physical and mechanical properties are also better than natural rubber, so it can be used as general-purpose rubber as well as special rubber. The main disadvantages are poor cold resistance, large specific gravity, high relative cost, poor electrical insulation, and easy sticking, scorching, and mold sticking during processing. In addition, the raw rubber has poor stability and is not easy to store. Operating temperature range: about -45℃~+100℃. It is mainly used to manufacture cable sheaths and various protective covers and protective covers that require high ozone resistance and high aging resistance; oil and chemical resistance hoses, tapes and chemical linings; flame-resistant rubber products for underground mining, and various moldings Products, sealing rings, gaskets, adhesives, etc.

6. Butyl rubber (IIR) is a copolymer of isobutylene and a small amount of isoprene or butadiene. The biggest feature is good air tightness, good ozone resistance, good aging resistance, high heat resistance, long-term working temperature can be below 130 ℃; resistance to strong inorganic acids (such as sulfuric acid, nitric acid, etc.) and general organic solvents, vibration absorption and damping characteristics Good and very good electrical insulation. The disadvantages are poor elasticity, poor processing performance, slow vulcanization speed, and poor adhesion and oil resistance. Operating temperature range: about -40℃~+120℃. Mainly used as inner tube, water tyre, balloon, wire and cable insulation layer, chemical equipment lining and shockproof products, heat-resistant conveyor belt, heat-resistant aging tape products.

7. Butadiene rubber (NBR) Copolymer of butadiene and acrylonitrile. It is characterized by its excellent resistance to gasoline and aliphatic hydrocarbon oils, second only to polysulfide rubber, acrylic ester and fluorine rubber, but better than other general rubbers. Good heat resistance, good air tightness, abrasion resistance and water resistance, and strong adhesion. The disadvantages are poor cold resistance and ozone resistance, low strength and elasticity, poor acid resistance, poor electrical insulation, and poor resistance to polar solvents. Operating temperature range: about -30℃~+100℃. Mainly used to manufacture various oil-resistant products, such as hoses, sealing products, etc.

8. Hydrogenated butadiene rubber (HNBR) is a copolymer of butadiene and acrylonitrile. It is obtained by fully or partially hydrogenating the double bonds in the butadiene of NBR.
It is characterized by high mechanical strength and abrasion resistance, and its heat resistance is better than NBR when crosslinked with peroxide
Good, other properties are the same as nitrile rubber. The disadvantage is that the price is higher. Operating temperature range: about -30℃~+150℃. Mainly used for oil and high temperature resistant sealing products.

9. Ethylene propylene rubber (EPM\\EPDM)
The copolymer of ethylene and propylene is generally divided into two yuan ethylene propylene rubber and three yuan ethylene propylene rubber.
It is characterized by excellent ozone resistance, ultraviolet resistance, weather resistance and aging resistance, ranking first in general rubber. Electrical insulation, chemical resistance, impact elasticity, acid and alkali resistance, low specific gravity, high filling compounding is possible. Heat resistance up to 150°C, resistance to polar solvents-ketones, esters, etc., but not to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. Other physical and mechanical properties are slightly inferior to natural rubber and superior to styrene butadiene rubber. The disadvantage is that the self-adhesion and mutual adhesion are very poor, and it is not easy to bond. Operating temperature range: about -50℃~+150℃. Mainly used as chemical equipment lining, wire and cable sheathing, steam hose, heat-resistant conveyor belt, rubber products for automobiles and other industrial products.

10. Silicone rubber (Q)
It is a special rubber with silicon and oxygen atoms in the main chain, of which silicon element plays a major role. Its main feature is high temperature resistance (maximum 300℃) and low temperature resistance (minimum -100℃). It is currently the best high temperature resistant rubber. It has excellent electrical insulation and high stability to thermal oxidation and ozone. , Chemically inert. The disadvantage is that the mechanical strength is low, oil resistance, solvent resistance, acid and alkali resistance are poor, it is difficult to vulcanize, and the price is more expensive. Operating temperature: -60℃~+200℃.

Tanghai Valve is the best manufacturer of  butterfly valve, check valve, knife gate valve in China. We produce the best quality products with competitive low prices.

Tianjin Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd. is one of the largest butterfly valve manufacturers in China, main products are butterfly valves, check valves, gate valve and globe valves. Key words:  butterfly valve, lug type butterfly valve, wafer type butterfly valve, U-type butterfly valve, double flange butterfly valve, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…)

URL: http://www.tanghaivalve.com

Name: Harry Li

Email: harry@tanghaivalve.com

Classification and introduction of pipe thread-(3)

Sealing pipe thread (R)

The basic dimensions and tolerances of inch sealing pipe threads

Cooperate way

There are two matching methods for inch seal pipe threads: cylindrical internal thread and conical external thread form a “column/cone” fit; conical internal thread and conical external threa

NPT thread picture

NPT thread picture

d form a “cone/cone” fit.

European countries mainly use “column/cone” matching threads; countries outside Europe mainly use “cone/cone” matching threads. The inspection gauges for the two types of threads are somewhat different; the current ISO inch seal pipe thread gauge standard (ISO 7- 2:2000) is designed according to the “column/cone” coordination system.

mark

The complete mark of inch seal pipe thread is composed of thread feature code, thread size code and rotation direction code.

The characteristic code of inch sealed cylindrical internal thread is: RP;

left &right hand thread

left &right hand thread

The characteristic code of the inch sealing cone internal thread is: RC;

The characteristic code of the inch sealing cone external thread is: R1 (used with the inch sealing cylindrical internal thread);

R2 (used in conjunction with inch sealing cone internal thread);

The rotation code of the left-hand thread is LH; the rotation code of the right-hand thread is omitted and not marked.

For sealing pipe threads, use RP/R1 and RC/R2 to indicate “column/cone” and “cone/cone” thread pairs respectively.

Unsealed pipe thread

The basic size and limit deviation of the imperial unsealed pipe

mark:

The complete mark of inch unsealed pipe thread is composed of thread feature code, thread size code, pitch diameter tolerance grade code and rotation direction code.

The characteristic code of inch unsealed cylindrical thread is: G

For inch non-sealed cylindrical internal threads, the codes for the tolerance grades of the median diameter are omitted and not marked; while the codes for the pitch diameter and metric grades of the inch non-sealed cylindrical external threads are A and B respectively.

When indicating the thread pair of the inch unsealed pipe thread, only the marking code of the external thread is marked.

Example:

Right-handed, non-sealed cylindrical female thread with size code 2: G2

Class A with size code 3, right-handed, unsealed cylindrical external thread: G3A

Grade B with size code 4, left-handed, unsealed cylindrical external thread: G4 B-LH

Thread pair consisting of a right-handed, non-sealed cylindrical internal thread and a grade A cylindrical external thread with a dimension code of 2: G2A

The inner thread is processed by pipe thread taps, and the outer thread has die.

Note: 2, 3, 4 above are code names, not inch sizes, don’t confuse

other

Conversion of 55° tapered pipe thread

55° tapered pipe thread means that the thread angle is 55° and the thread has a taper of 1:16. This series of thread is widely used in the world, and its code is different from country to country.

China UK France Japan iso

Code ZG R (outside) G PT R

R (external thread) Rc (internal) R R Rc

Conversion of 60° Conical Pipe Thread

The 60° tapered pipe thread refers to a pipe thread with a tooth profile angle of 60° and a thread taper of 1:16. This series of threads is used in the machine tool industry in my country, the United States and the former Soviet Union. Its code name was previously designated as K in our country, and later designated as Z, now it is changed to NPT.

The structure and connection of the American standard valve

American standard valves mainly have API and ASME standards. ASTM and ASTM are material standards; valves designed, manufactured, produced and tested according to American standards are called American standard valves.
The American standard valve is a control component in the fluid conveying system. It has the functions of cut-off, regulation, diversion, prevention of reverse flow, voltage stabilization, diversion or overflow and pressure relief; the valve used in the fluid control system is cut off from the simplest American standard. There are many types and specifications of American standard valves used in extremely complex automatic control systems. Valves can be used to control the flow of various types of fluids such as air, water, steam, various corrosive media, mud, oil, liquid metal and radioactive media. Valve types: gate valve, knife gate valve, check valve, butterfly valve and others.

The structure types:

code structure type explaination standard face to face
C BB-BG-OS&Y bolted bonnet, bolted gland, outside screw & yoke API602/API602M ASME B16.10
D BB-BG-OS&Y bolted bonnet, bolted gland, outside screw & yoke API603/API603M ASME B16.10
E BB-BG-OS&Y-N bolted bonnet, bolted gland, outside screw & yoke-needle type API602M ASME B16.10
G BC-PISTON-LIFT (BOLTED BONNE,PISTON-LIFT) API602M ASME B16.10
H BC-PISTON-LIFT (BOLTED BONNE,PISTON-LIFT) outside screw & yoke API603M ASME B16.10
B BB-BG-OS&Y-W BOLTED BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y ,BELLOWS SEAL TYPE) API600M ASME B16.10
L BB-BG-OS&Y-L BOLTED BONNET,BOLTEDGLAND ,OS&Y ,CRYOGENIC SERVICE SRRUCTURE ASME B16.34 ASME B16.10
1 BC-SWING (BOLTED BONNET,SWING) API600M ASME B16.10
2 PS-PISTON-LIFT (PRESSURE SEAL BONNET,PISTON-LIFT) API600M ASME B16.10
3 WAFER TYPE (WAFER CHECK VALVE) API594 API594
4 TILTING-DISC (TILTING-DISC TYPE CHECK VALVE) API600M ASME B16.10
5 BB-BG-OS&Y-F (BOLTED BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y,WITH SPECCIAL PACKING) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
6 BB-BG-OS&Y (BOLTED BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
7 BB-BG-OS&Y-H (BOLTED BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y,WITH   BLOMING HOLE) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
8 PS-BG-OS&Y (PRESSURE SEAL BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
9 PS-COVER SWING (PRESSURE SEAL BONNET, SWING) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
M BB-BG-M-SEAL PRESSURE SEAL BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,moving sealing API600M ASME 16.10

connection types:

code connection type explaination
S SW SOCKET WELDED
T NPT 60° Taper pipe thread/NATIONAL TAPER PIPE THREAD
G Rc 55° TAPER PIPE THREAD
R RF RAISED FACE
J RJ RING JOINT
W BW BUTT-WELDED
P PIPE EACH ENDWITH A 150mm SHORT PIPE
F MF(F) MALE-FEMALE FACE(FEMALE)
A RF-NPT one side RF, one side NPT

Tianjin Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd. is one of the largest butterfly valve manufacturers in China. It was founded in 2006. Its predecessor was Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Factory. Now we have our own independent R & D, manufacturing, assembly and warehousing workshops; we have professional pre-sale and after-sale technical support and perfect services.

Our products use advanced manufacturing technology, and strictly conform to API, DIN, BS, EN, ISO, GB and other international standards. The main products are butterfly valves, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…), etc. Our products are widely used in various fields such as marine industry, shipbuilding, petrochemical, metallurgy, water treatment, fire fighting, water supply and drainage, etc. The company has won unanimous recognition and praise from customers with high quality and good reputation.

Tianjin Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd. is one of the largest butterfly valve manufacturers in China, main products are butterfly valves, check valves, gate valve and globe valves. Key words:  butterfly valve, lug type butterfly valve, wafer type butterfly valve, U-type butterfly valve, double flange butterfly valve, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…)

URL: http://www.tanghaivalve.com

Name: Harry Li

Email: harry@tanghaivalve.com

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (4)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (4)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (2)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (2)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (6)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (6)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (1)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (1)

rising stem gate valve-OS&Y

rising stem gate valve-OS&Y

 

The difference between carbon steel and cast steel

What is the difference between cast steel and carbon steel? First, steel is classified by chemical composition
(1) Carbon steel: a. Low carbon steel (C≤0.25%) b. Medium carbon steel (C≤0.25~0.60%) c. High carbon steel (C≤0.60%)
Steel is classified according to the forming method: (1) Forged steel (2) Cast steel (3) Hot rolled steel (4) Cold drawn steel. The so-called cast steel and carbon steel are just the names produced by the different classifications of steel.

What is the difference between forged steel valve and cast steel valve? Forging and casting are two different

flanges

flanges

processing techniques.
Casting: The molten liquid metal fills the cavity and cools. Pores are easy to produce in the middle of the workpiece.
Forging: It is mainly formed by extrusion at high temperature. Can refine the crystal grain in the part.
Forging: Use hammering and other methods to make a metal material in a plastic state into a workpiece with a certain shape and size, and change its physical properties.
Casting: The metal is heated and melted and poured into a sand mold or mold, and solidified into a utensil after cooling.
The difference in performance
During forging, the metal undergoes plastic deformation to refine grains.

What is the difference between a cast iron valve and a cast steel valve? The main difference between cast iron and cast steel valves is the carbon content, which directly affects the strength and plasticity of the steel. Carbon steel is also called carbon steel, an iron-carbon alloy with a carbon content of less than 2% WC. In addition to carbon, carbon steel generally contains a small amount of silicon, manganese, sulfur, and phosphorus. According to its purpose, carbon steel can be divided into three types: carbon structural steel, carbon tool steel and free-cutting structural steel. Carbon structural steel is divided into building structural steel and machine-manufactured structural steel. According to the carbon content, carbon steel can be divided into low-carbon steel (WC ≤ 0.25%) and medium-carbon steel (WC0.25%-0.6%) And high-carbon steel (WC>0.6%) According to phosphorus and sulfur content, carbon steel can be divided into ordinary carbon steel (higher phosphorus and sulfur), high-quality carbon steel (lower phosphorus and sulfur) and high-quality Steel (lower phosphorus and sulfur) Generally, the higher the carbon content of carbon steel, the higher the hardness and the higher the strength, but the lower the plasticity.
The full name of carbon steel is carbon structural steel. Cast steel valves are also carbon steel valves (there are also cast iron valves). They are just made by casting methods, while common steels are made by rolling. The ingredients are the same.

What is the difference between cast steel, cast iron and carbon steel in valve materials? Simply put, you first

lug type butterfly valve, ductile iron, center lined,

lug type butterfly valve, ductile iron, center lined,

distinguish between iron and steel. Both steel and iron are alloys based on iron and carbon as the main additive element, collectively referred to as iron-carbon alloys.
The cast iron is smelted in an iron melting furnace to obtain cast iron (liquid), and the liquid cast iron is cast into a casting, which is called a cast iron.
What is the difference between cast steel and carbon steel. First, steel is classified by chemical composition
(1) Carbon steel: a. Low carbon steel (C≤0.25%); b. Medium carbon steel (C≤0.25~0.60%); c. High carbon steel (C≤0.60%).
Steel is classified according to the forming method: (For valves with different pressures, different materials are used.
Medium and low pressure valve, the valve body material is cast iron. For high-pressure valves, because of the large pressure, the valve body must be made of cast steel. Special valves may use various alloy materials and stainless steel.
It is said that carbon steel is only a kind of steel, and cast steel is a processing method of steel, not a concept.

What is the difference between carbon steel gate valve and cast steel gate valve. Many people think that carbon steel gate valves and cast steel gate valves are two kinds of materials.
1. The cast steel check valve and carbon steel check valve are check valves of the same material, both of which are made of WCB A216 carbon steel.
2. Cast steel check valve, because the valve body of WCB material is cast, so the name suggests, it is called cast steel check valve.
3. Carbon steel check valve, because the main material of WCB material is carbon steel, it is named carbon steel check valve.

The forging process of steel is different in processing form. Cast steel The steel used for pouring castings. A kind of casting alloy. Cast steel is divided into cast carbon steel, cast low alloy steel and cast special steel. Cast steel refers to a type of steel casting produced by casting methods. Cast steel is mainly used to manufacture some parts with complex shapes, difficult to forge or cutting and forming, but require high strength and plasticity. Forged steel: Forged steel refers to various forgings and forgings produced by forging methods. The quality of forged steel parts is higher than that of cast steel parts, can withstand large impact forces, and have plasticity, toughness and other mechanical properties.

What is the meaning of cast steel and carbon steel of the valve? What is the meaning of cast steel and carbon steel. Thank you. Carbon steel is represented by CS, but it is generally not mentioned in the case of cast steel. Detailed materials such as WCB, WCC, LCC, etc. will be stated.

The valve is a control component in the fluid conveying system. It has the functions of cut-off, regulation, diversion, prevention of reverse flow, stabilization, diversion or overflow and pressure relief. Valves used in fluid control systems, ranging from the simplest shut-off valve to the various valves used in extremely complex automatic control systems, have a wide variety and specifications.
Valves can be used to control air, water, steam, various corrosive media, mud, oil, liquid metal and radioactive media. >>Cast steel has less carbon content, good toughness, and higher pressure and temperature resistance than cast iron. Cast iron valves are not suitable for diesel, sea water and acid media. Cast iron valves are cheaper. Their materials are obviously different, and they are used in different environments! The cost is also different. In short, the price is analyzed in detail, and the properties of various materials are different. Temperature resistant. Cast steel valves can withstand high temperatures, but cast iron valves cannot be used with water.

Resilient seated socket end gate valve

GATE VALVE-resilient seated SOCKET END
Standard: EN1074; EN1171

Socket ended resilient seated wedge gate valve-ductile iron (1)

Socket ended resilient seated wedge gate valve-ductile iron (1)

CAST IRON / DUCTILE IRON GATE VALVE SOCKET END
NON RISING STEM
Pressure: PN10 / PN16
Connection ends: Socked ends, for PVC pipes, uPVC pipes
FACE TO FACE: ACCORDING TO BS, DIN, ANSI, AWWA, SABS STANDARD ETC.
BODY:CAST IRON/DUCTILE IRON
BONNET:CAST IRON/DUCTILE IRON
WEDGE:CAST IRON/DUCTILE IRON, fully vulcanized with EPDM rubber
STEM: SS/BRASS
Coating: fusion bonded expoxy coating

The opening and closing part of the socket gate valve is a gate. The movement direction of the gate is perpendicular to the direction of the fluid. The gate valve can only be fully opened and fully closed, and cannot be adjusted or throttled. The gate has two sealing surfaces. The two sealing surfaces of the most commonly used mode gate valve form a wedge. The wedge angle varies with valve parameters, usually 50, and 2°52′ when the medium temperature is not high. The gate of the wedge gate valve can be made into a whole, called a rigid gate; it can also be made into a gate that can produce slight deformation to improve its manufacturability and compensate for the deviation of the sealing surface angle during the processing. The plate is called an elastic gate.

Socket gate valve can be divided into wedge gate valve and parallel gate valve according to the sealing surface configuration. The wedge gate valve can be divided into: single gate, double gate and elastic gate; parallel gate valve can be divided into It is single gate type and double gate type. According to the thread position of the valve stem, it can be divided into two types: rising stem gate valve and non-rising stem gate valve.

When the socket gate valve is closed, the sealing surface can only rely on the medium pressure to seal, that is, rely on the medium pressure to press the sealing surface of the gate against the valve seat on the other side to ensure the sealing of the sealing surface, which is self-sealing. Most gate valves use forced sealing, that is, when the valve is closed, the gate must be forced against the seat by external force to ensure the sealing performance of the sealing surface.

The gate of the socket gate valve moves linearly with the valve stem, which is called rising stem gate valve (also called rising stem gate valve). Usually there is a trapezoidal thread on the lifting rod, through the nut on the top of the valve and the guide groove on the valve body, the rotary motion is changed into linear motion, that is, the operating torque is changed into operating thrust.

When the valve is opened, when the lifting height of the gate is equal to 1:1 times the valve diameter, the fluid passage is completely unblocked, but this position cannot be monitored during operation. In actual use, the apex of the valve stem is used as a mark, that is, the position where it cannot be opened, as its fully open position. In order to take into account the locking phenomenon of the temperature change, it is usually at the top position of the opening, and then rewind 1/2-1 turn as the position of the fully open valve. Therefore, the fully open position of the valve is determined by the position of the gate (that is, the stroke).

Socket ended resilient seated wedge gate valve-ductile iron (2)

Socket ended resilient seated wedge gate valve-ductile iron (2)

In some gate valves, the stem nut is set on the gate, and the rotation of the handwheel drives the rotation of the valve stem to lift the gate. This kind of valve is called a rotating stem gate valve or a dark stem gate valve.

advantage:
The fluid resistance is small, and the sealing surface is less brushed and corroded by the medium.
It is easier to open and close.
The flow direction of the medium is not restricted, does not disturb the flow, and does not reduce the pressure.
The shape is simple, the length of the structure is short, the manufacturing process is good, and the scope of application is wide.

Disadvantages:
It is easy to cause erosion and scratches between the sealing surfaces, which makes maintenance difficult.
The overall size is large, opening requires a certain amount of space, and the opening and closing time is long.
The structure is more complicated.

The types of socket gate valves can be divided into wedge gate valves and parallel gate valves according to the sealing surface configuration. Wedge gate valves can be divided into: single gate type, double gate type and elastic gate type; parallel gate type Gate valves can be divided into single gate type and double gate type. Divided according to the thread position of the valve stem, it can be divided into two types: open stem gate valve and dark stem gate valve.

Matters needing attention in installation and maintenance
Handwheels, handles and transmission mechanisms are not allowed to be used for lifting, and collisions are strictly prohibited.
The double gate valve should be installed vertically (that is, the valve stem is in the vertical position and the handwheel is at the top).
The gate valve with bypass valve should be opened before opening (to balance the pressure difference between inlet and outlet and reduce the opening force).
The gate valve with transmission mechanism should be installed according to the product manual.
If the valve is frequently opened and closed, lubricate at least once a month.

Structural features:
The general gate valves used on the market for a long time generally have water leakage or rust. The company introduces the elastic seat seal gate valve produced by European high-tech rubber and valve manufacturing technology, which overcomes the defects of poor sealing and rust of general gate valves. The sealing gate valve uses the compensation effect of the elastic gate plate to produce a small amount of elastic deformation to achieve a good sealing effect. The valve has the obvious advantages of light switch, reliable sealing, good elastic memory and service life. It can be widely used as a regulating and intercepting device on the pipelines of tap water, sewage, construction, petroleum, chemical industry, food, medicine, textile, electric power, shipbuilding, metallurgy, energy system, etc.

 

The difference between American, Germany and China standard valve

The difference between American standard valve, German standard valve and China standard valve

lug type butterfly valve, ductile iron, center lined,

lug type butterfly valve, ductile iron, center lined,

(American Standard, German Standard, National Standard) The difference between the valves:
First of all, it can be distinguished from the standard codes of various countries: GB is the national standard, the American standard (ANSI), and the German standard (DIN). Secondly, it can be distinguished from the model. The valve model of the national standard is named according to the pinyin letter of the valve category. For example, the safety valve is A, butterfly valve, D, diaphragm valve, G, check valve, H, globe valve, J, throttle valve, L, drain valve, P, ball valve, Q, trap, S, gate valve, and so on. ,
There are no special specifications between American standard valves, German standard valves, and national standard valves. It is nothing more than the difference between production standards and pressure levels. The material of the valve body and internal parts are easy to say, it is nothing but cast iron, cast steel, stainless steel, etc. Taking the American standard as an example, the pressure level of the American standard ranges from 125LB to 2500LB (or 200PSI to 6000PSI), and the main standard is API, ANSI, commonly referred to as API, and ANSI valves are American standard valves; German standard valve pressures are usually PN10 to PN320. DIN standard; if the valve is flanged, the corresponding flange standard must be adopted. The world’s main valve standards are also the American Standard Petroleum Institute API standard, the American national standard ANSI, the German standard DIN, the Japanese standard JIS, the national standard GB, the European standard EN, and the British standard BS. ,
Simply put, American standard valves are valves designed, manufactured, produced and tested according to American standards. German standard valves are valves designed, manufactured, produced and tested according to German standards. The national standard valve is the valve designed, manufactured, produced and tested according to our country’s standard. The differences between the three are roughly as follows: 1. The flange standards are different; 2. The structural length is different; 3. The inspection requirements are different.
National Standard Valves American Standard Valves German Standard Valves (American Standard, German Standard, National Standard) Valve Standards: Chinese National Standards (GB) Chinese Ministry of Machinery Standards (JB) American National Standards (ANSI) American Petroleum Institute Standards (API) American Society for Testing and Materials Standards (ASTM) American Valve and Fitting Manufacturers Standardization Association Standards (MSS) Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) German National Standards (DIN) French National Standards (NF) British National Standards, European Standards (BS, EN) Other National Valve Standards ( ГOCT, IEEE, UL)

Tianjin Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd. is one of the largest butterfly valve manufacturers in China. It was founded in 2006. Its predecessor was Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Factory. Now we have our own independent R & D, manufacturing, assembly and warehousing workshops; we have professional pre-sale and after-sale technical support and perfect services.

After 14 years of continuous development and innovation, the company now has a group of high-tech engineers, technicians and skilled production workers, advanced production technology, sophisticated manufacturing equipment, complete testing methods, in strict accordance with international standards and quality management system, formed A comprehensive quality control network.

Our products use advanced manufacturing technology, and strictly conform to API, DIN, BS, EN, ISO, GB and other international standards. The main products are butterfly valves, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…), etc. Our products are widely used in various fields such as marine industry, shipbuilding, petrochemical, metallurgy, water treatment, fire fighting, water supply and drainage, etc. The company has won unanimous recognition and praise from customers with high quality and good reputation.

Main application areas of 10 major types of valves

With the development of society and various needs of modern life, spare parts for the production of these important products are also emerging in endlessly areas. Below we list the main application areas of these 10 categories of

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

valves.

1. Valves for petroleum installations;

1) Oil refining plant,
Most of the valves used in oil refining equipment are pipeline valves, mainly gate valves, stop valves, check valves, safety valves, ball valves, butterfly valves, and traps. Among them, gate valves account for about 80% of the total number of valves (valves account for about 80% of the total number of valves). 3% to 5% of investment);

2) Chemical fiber device,
Chemical fiber products mainly include polyester, acrylic and vinylon. Ball valves and jacketed valves (jacketed ball valves, jacketed gate valves, jacketed stop valves) of the valves they need;

3) Acrylonitrile device.
The device generally requires standard valves, mainly gate valves, globe valves, check valves, ball valves, traps,

lift-swing-check-valve-2

lift-swing-check-valve-2

needle globe valves, and plug valves. Among them, gate valves account for about 75% of the total valve;

4) Synthetic ammonia plant.
Because the ammonia source and purification method are different, the process flow is different, and the technical function of the required valve is also different. At present, domestic ammonia plants mainly need gate valves, globe valves, check valves, traps, butterfly valves, ball valves, diaphragm valves, regulating valves, needle valves, safety valves, high temperature and low temperature valves;

2, Hydropower station application valve
The construction of power stations in my country is developing towards large-scale, so large-caliber and high-pressure safety valves, pressure reducing valves, stop valves, gate valves, butterfly valves, emergency shutoff valves and flow control valves, spherical sealing instrument stop valves are required (according to the country In the “Tenth Five-Year Plan”, in addition to Inner Mongolia and Guizhou provinces, which can build units with more than 200,000 kilowatts, other provinces and cities can only build units with more than 300,000 kilowatts);

3, metallurgical application valve
The behavior of alumina in the metallurgical industry mainly requires wear-resistant slurry valves (in-flow stop valves) and regulating traps. The steelmaking industry mainly needs metal sealed ball valves, butterfly valves and oxidation ball valves, stop flash and four-way reversing valves;

13 gate-valve-5

13 gate-valve-5

4, marine application valve
With the development of offshore oilfield exploitation, the amount of valves required for its offshore production has gradually increased. Offshore platforms need to use shut-off ball valves, check valves, and multi-way valves;

5, food and medicine application valve
This industry mainly needs stainless steel ball valves, non-toxic all-plastic ball valves and butterfly valves. Among the above 10 categories of valve products, the demand for general valves is more, such as instrument valves, needle valves, needle globe valves, gate valves, globe valves, check valves, ball valves, and butterfly valves.

6, rural and urban construction application valves
The urban construction department generally uses low-pressure valves, and is currently developing in the direction of environmental protection and energy saving. Environmentally friendly rubber plate valves, balance valves, centerline butterfly valves, and metal seal butterfly valves are gradually replacing low-pressure iron gate valves. Most of the valves used in domestic urban construction are balance valves, soft-seal gate valves, butterfly valves, etc.;

7. Valves for rural and urban heating
In the urban heat generation system, a large number of metal-sealed butterfly valves, horizontal balance valves and direct-buried ball valves are needed, because these valves solve the problem of vertical and horizontal hydraulic imbalance of pipelines, and achieve the purpose of energy saving and heat balance.

8. Environmental protection valve
In the domestic environmental protection system, the water supply system mainly requires centerline butterfly valves, soft-sealed gate valves, ball valves, and exhaust valves (used to remove air in the pipeline). The sewage treatment system mainly needs soft sealing gate valve and butterfly valve;

9. Gas valve
City gas accounts for 22% of the entire natural market, with a large amount of valves and many types. Mainly need ball valve, plug valve, pressure reducing valve, safety valve;

10. Valves for pipeline applications
Long-distance pipelines are mainly crude oil, finished products and natural pipelines. The most commonly used valves for this type of pipeline are forged steel three-body full bore ball valves, anti-sulfur flat gate valves, safety valves, and check valves.

Valve material comparison table-valve pressure-temperature

The relationship between valve temperature and pressure:
The valve operating temperature and pressure have a certain internal connection and influence each other. Among them, temperature is the dominant factor affecting the valve. A valve with a certain pressure is only suitable for a

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

certain temperature range, and changes in valve temperature can affect the valve’s operating pressure. E.g:
The nominal pressure of a carbon steel valve is 10MPa. When the medium working temperature is 200℃, its maximum working pressure P20 is 10MPa; when the medium working temperature is 400℃, its maximum working pressure P40 is 5.4MPa; when the medium works When the temperature is 450℃, the maximum working pressure P20 is 4.5MPa.

Valve material temperature and pressure comparison table:
Valve material and applicable pressure, temperature and grade
Gray cast iron is suitable for water, steam, air, gas, oil and other media with nominal pressure PN≤1.0MPa and temperature -10℃~200℃. Commonly used grades are: HT200, HT250, HT300, HT350.
Malleable cast iron Suitable for water, steam, air and oil media with nominal pressure PN≤2.5MPa and temperature -30~300℃. Commonly used grades are: KTH300-06, KTH330-08, KTH350-10.
Nodular cast iron is suitable for water, steam, air and oil with PN≤4.0MPa and temperature of -30~350℃. Commonly used grades are: QT400-15, QT450-10, QT500-7. At present, the level of domestic technology varies among factories, and it is often difficult for users to inspect. It is recommended that PN≤2.5MPa, and steel valves are used for safety.
Acid-resistant high-silica ductile iron Suitable for nominal pressure PN≤0.25MPa, suitable for corrosive media with temperature lower than 120℃.
Carbon steel is suitable for water, steam, air, hydrogen, ammonia, nitrogen and petroleum products with a nominal pressure of PN≤32.0MPa and a temperature of -30~425℃. Commonly used grades are WC1, WCB, ZG25, high-quality steel 20, 25, 30 and low-alloy structural steel 16Mn.
Copper alloy is suitable for water, sea water, oxygen, air, oil and other media with PN≤2.5MPa and steam media with temperature of -40~250℃. Commonly used grades are ZGnSn10Zn2 (tin bronze), H62, Hpb59-1 (brass) , QAZ19-2, QA19-4 (aluminum bronze).
High-temperature copper is suitable for steam and petroleum products with nominal pressure PN≤17.0MPA and temperature≤570℃. The specific selection must be in accordance with the valve pressure and temperature specifications. Commonly used grades are ZGCr5Mo, 1Cr5M0.ZG20CrMoV, ZG15Gr1Mo1V, 12CrMoV, WC6, WC9, etc.
Low-temperature steel is suitable for media with nominal pressure PN≤6.4Mpa and temperature≥-196℃ ethylene, propylene, liquid natural gas, liquid nitrogen, etc. Commonly used grades are ZG1Cr18Ni9, 0Cr18Ni9, 1Cr18Ni9Ti, ZG0Cr18Ni9
Stainless and acid-resistant steel Suitable for media such as nitric acid and acetic acid with nominal pressure PN≤6.4Mpa and temperature≤200℃. Commonly used grades are ZG0Cr18Ni9Ti, ZG0Cr18Ni10<nitric acid>, ZG0Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti, ZG1Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti<acid and urea>

Valve seal (ring) material usage range comparison table

The selection of valve sealing material is determined according to the operating conditions of the valve, such as: pipeline medium, temperature range (high and low temperature), pressure and internal structure of the valve. For

soft sealing marine valve, rubber sealing, valve seat parts

soft sealing marine valve, rubber sealing, valve seat parts

different occasions, the selected seals are also different. Valve seals can generally be divided into two categories: soft seals and hard seals. Users should have a detailed understanding of their codes, operating temperature, pressure, medium and other parameters.

Comparison table of valve sealing material usage range:
Valve sealing material and valve sealing material use range:
Rubber (X) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 1 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 150℃, applicable valves: globe valves, diaphragm valves, butterfly valves, check valves, etc.
Nylon (N) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 32 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 90°C, applicable valves: globe valves, ball valves, etc.
PTFE (F) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 6.4 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 180°C, applicable valves: globe valves, ball valves, gate valves, diaphragm valves, butterfly valves, check valves, etc.
Bus alloy (B) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 2.5 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 150°C, applicable valves: stop valves for ammonia, etc.
Ceramic (G) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 1.6 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 150°C, applicable valves: ball valves, plug valves, etc.
Enamel (C) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 1.0 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 80°C, applicable valves: globe valve, diaphragm valve, check valve, discharge valve, etc.
Copper alloy (T) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 1.6 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 200℃, applicable valves: gate valve, globe valve, check valve, plug valve, etc.
Stainless steel (H) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 32 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 450°C, applicable valves: globe valves, ball valves (medium and high pressure valves), etc.
Nitrided steel (D) Nominal pressure PN ≤ 10 MPa, operating temperature t ≤ 540℃, applicable valves: power station gate valves, only for general use
Cemented carbide (Y) Nominal pressure (PN) and operating temperature (t) are determined according to the material of the valve body. Applicable valves: high pressure, ultra high pressure valves, high temperature and low temperature valves