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What is vertical check valve

Vertical check valve: Due to the pressure of the medium at the inlet end of the pipeline, the valve can be opened or

silent check valve (3)

silent check valve (3)

closed by overcoming the spring resistance. When the medium pressure at the inlet end is lower than that at the outlet end, the spring pushes the valve core to the valve seat to close the valve, preventing the medium from flowing back, so it plays a role of check. Vertical check valves are widely used in chemical, liquefied petroleum gas, fluid and other industries. According to the structure of the check valve, it can be divided into three types: lift check valve, swing check valve and butterfly check valve.

Introduction of vertical check valve:
Vertical check valve refers to the valve that automatically opens and closes the disc depending on the flow of the medium itself to prevent the medium from flowing back. It is also called check valve, one-way valve, reverse flow valve, and back pressure valve. Check valve is a kind of automatic valve, its main function is to prevent the back flow of the medium, prevent the pump and drive motor from reversing, and discharge the container medium. Check valves can also be used to supply pipelines for auxiliary systems whose pressure may rise above the system pressure. Check valves can be divided into swing check valves (rotating according to the center of gravity) and lift check valves (moving along the axis).

lift check valve Working principle diagram

lift check valve Working principle diagram

The function of this type of valve is to only allow the medium to flow in one direction and to prevent the flow of direction. Usually this kind of valve works automatically. Under the action of the fluid pressure flowing in one direction, the valve flap opens; when the fluid flows in the opposite direction, the fluid pressure and the self-coincidence of the valve flap act on the valve seat, thereby cutting off the flow.

Among them, internal thread check valve and butterfly check valve belong to this type of valve, which includes swing check valve and lift check valve. The swing check valve has a hinge mechanism and a valve disc like a door that rests freely on the inclined valve seat surface. In order to ensure that the valve disc can reach the proper position of the valve seat surface every time, the valve disc is designed in a hinge mechanism so that the valve disc has enough space for turning and makes the valve disc come into contact with the valve seat truly and comprehensively. The valve clack can be made of metal, or inlaid with leather, rubber, or synthetic covering, depending on the performance requirements. When the swing check valve is fully opened, the fluid pressure is almost unimpeded, so the pressure drop through the valve is relatively small. The disc of the lift check valve is located on the sealing surface of the valve seat on the valve body. Except that the disc can be raised and lowered freely, the rest of the valve is like a shut-off valve. The fluid pressure lifts the disc from the seat sealing surface, and the backflow of the medium causes the disc to fall back onto the seat and cut off the flow. According to the conditions of use, the valve disc can be an all-metal structure, or it can be in the form of a rubber pad or a rubber ring embedded in the disc holder. Like a shut-off valve, the passage of fluid through the lift check valve is also narrow, so the pressure drop through the lift check valve is larger than that of the swing check valve, and the flow rate of the swing check valve is restricted Rarely.

Related news /knowledge:
Introduction of cast steel lift swing check valve;
All types of check valve and its structures;
Materials, installation and features of vertical check valve;

Stainless steel vertical check valve

Overview of Stainless steel vertical check valve:

H42W stainless steel flanged vertical check valve is a valve whose disc slides along the center line of the valve body. Pipeline vertical check valve is a new type of valve. It has the characteristics of simple structure, few parts, light weight, and good manufacturability. It is one of the development direc

lifting check valve (4)

lifting check valve (4)

tions of check valves. However, the fluid resistance coefficient is slightly larger than that of the swing check valve. Vertical check valves are widely used in various pipelines that need to prevent the medium from flowing back in the petroleum, chemical, pharmaceutical, and power industries. H42H can be equipped with spring or no spring according to vertical installation or horizontal installation.

Stainless steel vertical check valve H42W flange vertical check valve working principle:

H42W series vertical check valve can prevent the medium from flowing back and play the role of medium check. H42W stainless steel vertical check valve is open when the medium pressure at the inlet end is higher than the outlet end. Because under the pressure of the medium at the inlet end of the pipeline, the valve clack in the vertical check valve is pushed up to automatically open the valve. When the medium pressure at the inlet end is lower than the outlet end, the spring pushes the disc toward the valve seat to close the valve. Under the pressure, it will automatically close.

Related news /products:
Materials, installation and features of vertical check valve;
Use performance and working principle of vertical check valve;
What is vertical check valve;
The difference and application of stainless steel 430, 304, 316

Troubleshooting of check valve

Troubleshooting of check valve:

double-wing-check-valve-3

double-wing-check-valve-3

1. The disc is broken
The reasons that cause the valve disc to break are:

The pressure of the medium before and after the check valve is close to balance and they are “see-saw” each other. The valve disc often beats against the valve seat, and the disc made of some brittle materials (such as cast iron, brass, etc.) is broken.

The preventive method is to use a check valve whose disc is a flexible material.

2. Medium backflow
The reasons for the backflow of the medium are:

①The sealing surface is damaged; ②Insert impurities.

Repairing the sealing surface and cleaning impurities can prevent backflow.

Related news /knowledge:
The parameter and troubleshooting of the ball valve;
Classification of check valves;
What is vertical check valve;

Selection criteria for check valves

Selection criteria for check valve:

The selection criteria for check valves are as follows:

double-wing-check-valve-3

double-wing-check-valve-3

1. In order to prevent the medium from flowing back, check valves should be installed on equipment, devices and pipelines;

2. Check valves are generally suitable for clean media, not for media containing solid particles and high viscosity;

3. Generally, horizontal lift check valves should be used on horizontal pipes with a nominal diameter of 50mm;

4. The straight-through lift check valve can only be installed in horizontal pipelines;

5. For the inlet pipeline of the water pump, a bottom valve should be used. The bottom valve is generally only installed on the vertical pipeline at the pump inlet, and the medium flows from bottom to top;

6. Compared with the swing type, the lifting type has better sealing performance and greater fluid resistance. The horizontal type should be installed on the horizontal pipeline, and the vertical type on the vertical pipeline;

7. The installation position of the swing check valve is not restricted. It can be installed on a horizontal, vertical or inclined pipeline. If installed on a vertical pipeline, the medium flow direction should be from bottom to top;

8. The swing check valve should not be made into a small-diameter valve, it can be made into a high working pressure, the nominal pressure can reach 42MPa, and the nominal diameter can also be large, the maximum can reach more than 2000mm. It can be applied to any working medium and any working temperature range according to the different materials of the shell and the seal. The medium is water, steam, gas, corrosive medium, oil, medicine, etc. The working temperature range of the medium is between -196–800℃;

all types of check valve and structures -code names-photos

all types of check valve and structures -code names-photos

9. The applicable occasion for swing check valve is low pressure and large diameter, and the installation occasion is restricted;

10. The installation position of the butterfly check valve is not restricted. It can be installed on a horizontal pipeline or on a vertical or inclined pipeline;

11. Diaphragm check valve is suitable for pipelines that are prone to water hammer. The diaphragm can well eliminate the water hammer caused by the backflow of the medium. It is generally used on low-pressure and normal temperature pipelines, and is especially suitable for tap water pipelines. Normal media work The temperature is between -12-120℃, and the working pressure is less than 1.6MPa, but the diaphragm check valve can achieve a larger diameter, and the maximum DN can reach more than 2000mm;

12. The spherical check valve is suitable for medium and low pressure pipelines and can be made into a large diameter;

13. The shell material of the spherical check valve can be made of stainless steel, and the hollow sphere of the seal can be wrapped with polytetrafluoroethylene engineering plastics, so it can also be applied to the pipeline of general corrosive media, and the working temperature is -101–150 ℃, its nominal pressure is ≤4.0MPa, and the nominal passage range is between DN200-DN1200;

14. When selecting a check valve for incompressible fluids, the required closing speed must be evaluated first, and the second step is to select the type of check valve that may meet the required closing speed;

15. The check valve for compressible fluid can be selected according to the similar method of check valve for incompressible fluid. If the medium flow range is large, the check valve for compressible fluid can be used A deceleration device, if the medium flow is stopped and started quickly and continuously, such as the outlet of the compressor, a lift check valve is used;

16. The corresponding size of the check valve should be determined, and the valve supplier must provide the data of the selected size, so that the valve size when the valve is fully opened at a given flow rate can be found;

17. For high and medium pressure check valves below DN50mm, vertical lift check valves and straight-through lift check valves should be used;

18. For low-pressure check valves below DN50mm, butterfly check valves, vertical lift check valves and diaphragm check valves should be used;

19. For high and medium pressure check valves with DN greater than 50mm and less than 600mm, swing check valves should be used;

20. For medium and low pressure check valves with DN greater than 200mm and less than 1200mm, wear-free spherical check valves should be used;

21. For low-pressure check valves with a DN greater than 50mm and less than 2000mm, butterfly check valves and diaphragm check valves should be used;

22. For pipelines that require relatively small water hammer impact or no water hammer when closed, slow-close swing check valves and slow-close butterfly check valves should be selected.

Related news /knowledge:
All types of check valve and its structures;
What is vertical check valve;
Use performance and working principle of vertical check valve;
Installation method and precautions of check valve;

Classification of check valves

Classification of check valves:
The check valve that opens or closes by the force of the medium flow to prevent the medium from flowing back is

tilting disc swing check valve (6)

tilting disc swing check valve (6)

called a check valve. Check valves belong to the category of automatic valves, which are mainly used in pipelines where the medium flows in one direction, and only allow the medium to flow in one direction to prevent accidents.

Classified by structure:
According to the structure, it can be divided into three types: lift check valve, swing check valve and butterfly check valve:

1. Lift check valves are divided into two types: vertical and horizontal.

2. The swing check valve is divided into three types: single, double and multiple.

3. The butterfly check valve is straight-through.

The above-mentioned check valves can be divided into four types in connection form: threaded connection, flange connection, welding connection and wafer connection.

Classified by material:
1. Cast iron check valve

2. Brass check valve

3. Stainless steel check valve

4. Carbon steel check valve

5. Forged steel check valve

Classified by function:
1. DRVZ silent check valve

Stainless steel check valve
Stainless steel check valve
2. DRVG silent check valve

3.NRVR silent check valve

4. SFCV rubber flap check valve

5.DDCV double disc check valve

Tanghai Valve is the best manufacturer of check valve in China. We produce the best quality products with competitive low prices. Main products: butterfly valve, lug type butterfly valve, wafer type butterfly valve, U-type butterfly valve, double flange butterfly valve, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…)

Check valve and its working principle

What is check valve?

Check valve refers to a valve whose opening and closing parts are circular discs and rely on its own weight and medium pressure to generate actions to block the back flow of the medium. It is an automatic valve, also called check valve, one-way valve, return valve or isolation valve. The movement of the disc is divided into lift check valve and swing check valve. The lift check valve is similar in structure to the stop valve, but lacks the valve stem to drive the valve disc. The medium flows in from the inlet end (lower side) and flows out from the outlet end (upper side). When the inlet pressure is greater than the sum of the weight of the disc and its flow resistance, the valve is opened. On the contrary, the valve is closed when the medium flows back. The swing check valve has a disc that is incline

tilting disc check valve body (2)

tilting disc check valve body (2)

d and can rotate around the axis, and its working principle is similar to that of the lift check valve. The check valve is often used as the bottom valve of the pumping device to prevent the backflow of water. The combination of check valve and stop valve can play a role of safety isolation. The disadvantage is that the resistance is large and the sealing performance is poor when closed.

Working principle of check valve:
Check valves can also be used to supply pipelines for auxiliary systems whose pressure may rise above the system pressure. Check valves can be divided into swing check valves (rotating according to the center of gravity) and lift check valves (moving along the axis).

The function of this type of valve is to only allow the medium to flow in one direction and prevent the flow in the opposite direction. Usually this kind of valve works automatically. Under the action of the fluid pressure flowing in one direction, the valve flap opens; when the fluid flows in the opposite direction, the fluid pressure and the self-coincidence of the valve flap act on the valve seat, thereby cutting off the flow.

Among them, check valves belong to this type of valve, which includes swing check valves and lift check valves. The swing check valve has a hinge mechanism and a valve flap like a door that rests freely on the inclined valve seat surface. In order to ensure that the valve clack can reach the proper position of the valve seat surface every time, the valve clack is designed in a hinge mechanism so that the valve clack has enough space for rotation and makes the valve clack truly and comprehensively contact the valve seat. The valve clack can be made of metal, or inlaid with leather, rubber, or synthetic covering, depending on the performance requirements. When the swing check valve is fully opened, the fluid pressure is almost unimpeded, so the pressure drop through the valve is relatively small. The disc of the lift check valve is located on the sealing surface of the valve seat on the valve body. Except that the disc can be raised and lowered freely, the rest of the valve is like a shut-off valve. The fluid pressure lifts the disc from the seat sealing surface, and the backflow of the medium causes the disc to fall back to the seat and cut off the flow. According to the conditions of use, the valve disc can be an all-metal structure, or it can be in the form of a rubber pad or a rubber ring inlaid on the disc holder. Like a shut-off valve, the passage of fluid through the lift check valve is also narrow, so the pressure drop through the lift check valve is larger than the swing check valve, and the flow rate of the swing check valve is restricted.

Related news /products:
All types of check valve and its structures;
Introduction of cast steel lift swing check valve;
Classification of check valves;
Working principle diagram of lift check valve;

Detailed introduction of soft sealing butterfly valve-(2)

There are many types of soft-sealed butterfly valves, which can be divided into the following categories according to different forms:
Classified by structure
Classified by structure

(1) Center sealing butterfly valve

(2) Single eccentric sealed coal valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

(3) Double eccentric sealing butterfly valve

(4) Triple eccentric seal valve

Classified according to the sealing surface material:

(1) Soft sealing butterfly valve.

1) The sealing pair is composed of non-metallic soft material to non-metallic soft material.

2) The sealing pair is composed of a metal hard material and a non-metal soft material.

(2) Metal hard seal butterfly valve. The sealing pair is composed of a metal hard material to a metal hard material.

Classified according to the sealing form:

(1) Forced sealing butterfly valve

1) Elastic sealing butterfly valve. The specific pressure of the seal is generated by the valve plate squeezing the valve seat when the valve is closed, and the elasticity of the valve seat or valve plate

2) External torque sealing butterfly valve. The seal specific pressure is generated by the torque applied to the valve shaft

(2) Pressurized sealing butterfly valve. The specific sealing pressure is generated by the pressure of the elastic sealing element on the valve seat or valve plate

(3) Automatic sealing butterfly valve. The sealing specific pressure is automatically generated by the medium pressure.

Classified by work pressure:

(1) Vacuum butterfly valve. Butterfly valves whose working pressure is lower than the atmospheric pressure of the standard reactor.

(2) Low pressure butterfly valve. Butterfly valve with nominal pressure PN<1.6MPa.

(3) Medium pressure butterfly valve. Butterfly valve with nominal pressure PN of 2.5-6. 4MPa.

(4) High pressure butterfly valve. A butterfly valve with a nominal pressure PN of 10.0-80.0MPa.

(5) Ultra-high pressure butterfly valve. Butterfly valve with nominal pressure PN>100MPa.

Classified by working temperature:

(1) High temperature butterfly valve. t>450 C butterfly valve

(2) Medium temperature butterfly valve. 120 C<t<450 C butterfly valve

(3) Normal temperature butterfly valve. One 40C<t<; 120 C butterfly valve

(4) Cryogenic butterfly valve. One 100<t<一40 C butterfly valve

(E) Ultra-low temperature butterfly valve. t<一100 C butterfly valve

Classified according to the connection method:

(1) Wafer butterfly valve

(2) flange butterfly valve

(3) lug butterfly valve

(4) Welded butterfly valve

Difference between Soft seal gate valve and hard seal gate valve

Soft seal gate valve and hard seal gate valve are two major categories in the gate valve series. Hard seal and soft seal can sometimes compensate for each other, and

13 gate-valve-5

13 gate-valve-5

sometimes they are independent of each other. So what is the relationship between soft seal gate valve and hard seal gate valve? What are the main differences? Next, the editor of Tanghai Valve will solve these mysteries for everyone.

1. Sealing material

Soft seal gate valve: the seal pair is made of metal materials on one side and elastic non-metallic materials on the other side, which is called “soft seal”. This kind of seal has good sealing performance, but it is not resistant to high temperature, easy to wear, and has poor mechanical properties.

Hard seal gate valve: The two sides of the seal pair are made of metal materials or other harder materials are called “hard seals”. This kind of seal has poor sealing performance, but has high temperature resistance, abrasion resistance and good mechanical properties.

2. Structure mechanism

The hard seal gate valve is a seal between metal and metal, and the sealing ball and valve seat are both metal. Machining accuracy and craftsmanship are more difficult, and are generally used in high pressure, usually above 35MPa. The soft seal gate valve is a seal between metal and non-metal, such as nylon\tetrafluoroethylene, and the manufacturing standards are the same.

3. Equipment selection

The selection of soft and hard seal gate valves is mainly based on the process medium, temperature and pressure. Generally, the medium contains solid particles or wears or the temperature is higher than 200 degrees. It is best to use hard seals. Valves with a diameter greater than 50 have a larger pressure difference and consider opening the valve torque. , When the torque is large, the fixed hard-seal ball valve should be selected, and its sealing level can reach 6 regardless of the soft or hard seal.

3. Conditions of use

The soft seal gate valve generally has a very high seal, while the hard seal can be high or low according to the requirements; the soft seal needs to be fireproof, because the material of the soft seal will leak at high temperatures, while the hard seal does not have this problem; Seals can generally be made at very high pressures, but soft seals cannot; soft seals cannot be used in some situations due to the problem of the flowing medium. Finally, hard seal valves are generally more expensive than soft seals. As for manufacturing, there is little difference between the two, mainly the difference between the valve seat, the soft seal is non-metallic, and the hard seal is metallic.

Through the above introduction, I believe everyone can understand the difference between soft seal gate valve and hard seal gate valve. With the continuous development of China’s industrial market, it is necessary to understand the difference between soft seal gate valve and hard seal gate valve, which may not only affect Production efficiency may also greatly affect economic efficiency

Difference between soft seal butterfly valve and hard seal butterfly valve

The difference between soft seal butterfly valve and hard seal butterfly valve:

A butterfly valve hard seal refers to a “hard seal” in which both sides of the seal pair are made of metal materials or other harder materials. This kind of seal has poor

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

sealing performance, but high temperature resistance, wear resistance, and good mechanical properties. For example, : Steel + Steel; Steel + Copper; Steel + Graphite; Steel + Alloy Steel; (The steel here may also be cast iron, cast steel, alloy steel or surfacing, sprayed alloy).

The soft seal seal pair is made of metal materials on one side and elastic non-metallic materials on the other side. It is called “soft seal”. This kind of seal has better sealing performance, but it is not resistant to high temperatures, easy to wear, and mechanical Poor performance. Such as: steel + rubber; steel + tetrafluoropolyethylene; etc. The soft sealing seat is made of non-metallic materials with certain strength, hardness and temperature resistance, with good sealing performance, zero leakage, but life And the adaptability to temperature is relatively poor. The hard seal is made of metal, and the sealing performance is relatively poor, although some manufacturers claim that it can achieve zero leakage. The soft seal cannot meet the process requirements for some corrosive materials, and the hard seal can solve it! These two types of seals can complement each other. In terms of tightness, the soft seal is relatively good, but now the tightness of the hard seal can also meet the corresponding requirements! The advantage of the soft seal is good sealing performance, but the disadvantage is that it is easy to age, wear, and has a short service life. The hard seal has a long service life, but the tightness is relatively worse than that of the soft seal.

The main differences in its structure are as follows
1. The difference in structure

Soft seal butterfly valves are mostly centerline type, and hard seals are mostly single eccentric, double eccentric, and triple eccentric butterfly valves.

2. Temperature resistance

The soft seal is used in normal temperature environment. Hard seal can be used in low temperature, normal temperature, high temperature and other environments

3. Pressure

Soft seal low pressure-normal pressure, hard seal can also be used in medium and high pressure conditions

4. Sealing performance: The soft sealing and triple eccentric hard sealing butterfly valves have better sealing performance. The triple eccentric butterfly valve can maintain good sealing under high pressure and high temperature environment.

In view of the above characteristics, the soft sealing butterfly valve is suitable for the two-way opening and closing and adjustment of ventilation and dust removal pipelines, water treatment, light industry, petroleum, chemical and other industries. Hard-sealed butterfly valves are mostly used in heating, gas, gas, oil, acid and alkali environments.

With the widespread use of butterfly valves, its features of convenient installation, convenient maintenance and simple structure become more and more obvious. Electric soft-sealed butterfly valves, pneumatic soft-sealed butterfly valves, hard-sealed butterfly valves, etc. have begun to replace electric gate valves and globe valves in more and more occasions.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

Related news/knowledge:
Difference between Soft seal gate valve and hard seal gate valve
Installation instructions for ball valves
The chemical composition, characteristics and applications of rubbers
Detailed introduction of soft sealing butterfly valve-(3)

Introduction of U-shaped flange butterfly valve

What is U-shaped flange connection butterfly valve?
The U shaped butterfly valve is simple in structure, small in size and light in weight, and consists of only a few parts. Moreover, it can be opened and closed quickly

U-type flange butterfly valve, ductile iron, DI, center line,

U-type flange butterfly valve, ductile iron, DI, center line,

by rotating 90°, and the operation is simple. At the same time, the valve has good fluid control characteristics.
The butterfly plate of the U type butterfly valve is installed in the diameter direction of the pipeline. In the cylindrical passage of the butterfly valve body, the disc-shaped butterfly plate rotates around the axis, and the rotation angle is between 0° and 90°. When the rotation reaches 90°, the valve is fully opened.
The butterfly valve is simple in structure, small in size and light in weight, and consists of only a few parts. Moreover, it can be opened and closed quickly by rotating 90°, and the operation is simple. At the same time, the valve has good fluid control characteristics. When the flange butterfly valve is in the fully open position, the thickness of the butterfly plate is the only resistance when the medium flows through the valve body, so the pressure drop generated by the valve is small, so it has better flow control characteristics. The butterfly valve has two sealing types: elastic seal and metal seal. Elastic sealing valve, the sealing ring can be embedded in the valve body or attached to the periphery of the butterfly plate.
Valves with metal seals generally have a longer life than valves with elastic seals, but it is difficult to achieve a complete seal. Metal seals can adapt to higher operating temperatures, while elastic seals have the defect of being limited by temperature.
If the butterfly valve is required to be used as a flow control, the main thing is to correctly choose the size and type of the valve. The structure principle of the butterfly valve is especially suitable for making large diameter valves. Butterfly valves are not only widely used in general industries such as petroleum, gas, chemical, water treatment, etc., but also used in cooling water systems of thermal power stations.
Commonly used butterfly valves include wafer butterfly valves and flange butterfly valves. Wafer type butterfly valve uses double-head bolts to connect the valve between two pipe flanges. Flange type butterfly valve has flanges on the valve, and bolts are used to connect the flanges at both ends of the valve to the pipe flanges.
When in the fully open position, the thickness of the butterfly plate is the only resistance when the medium flows through the valve body, so the pressure drop generated by the valve is small, so it has better flow control characteristics. The butterfly valve has two sealing types: elastic seal and metal seal. Elastic sealing valve, the sealing ring can be embedded in the valve body or attached to the periphery of the butterfly plate. Valves with metal seals generally have a longer life than valves with elastic seals, but it is difficult to achieve a complete seal. Metal seals can adapt to higher operating temperatures, while elastic seals have the defect of being limited by temperature.
If the butterfly valve is required to be used as a flow control, the main thing is to correctly select the size and type of the valve. The structure principle of the butterfly valve is especially suitable for making large diameter valves. Butterfly valves are not only widely used in general industries such as petroleum, gas, chemical, water treatment, etc., but also used in cooling water systems of thermal power stations.
Commonly used butterfly valves include wafer butterfly valves and flange butterfly valves. Wafer type butterfly valve uses double-head bolts to connect the valve between two pipe flanges. Flange type butterfly valve has flanges on the valve, and bolts are used to connect the flanges at both ends of the valve to the pipe flanges.