Gate valve structure; Working principle of gate valve
Gate valve /stop valve structure:
The gate valve refers to a valve in which the gate closing member moves along the vertical direction of the center line
of the passage. Generally, it consists of valve body, valve seat, valve stem, gate, valve cover, and sealing ring. It can be transformed into a variety of electric gate valves and pneumatic gate valves by equipping transmission devices and gate valves. It is used for full-open and full-close cut-off, and cannot be used for adjustment and throttling. ,
Gate valve structure diagram Gate valve working principle:
The gate of the gate valve moves linearly with the valve stem. Usually there is a trapezoidal thread on the lifting rod. Through the nut on the top of the valve and the guide groove on the valve body, the rotary motion is changed into linear motion, that is, the operating torque is changed. For operating thrust. When the gate valve is closed, the sealing surface can only rely on the medium pressure to seal, that is, rely on the medium pressure to press the sealing surface of the gate to the valve seat on the other side to ensure the sealing of the sealing surface, which is self-sealing. Most gate valves adopt forced sealing, that is, when the valve is closed, the gate must be forced against the seat by external force to ensure the sealing performance of the sealing surface.
When the gate valve is opened, when the lift height of the gate is equal to 1:1 times the valve diameter, the fluid passage is completely unblocked, but this position cannot be monitored during operation. In actual use, the apex of the valve stem is used as the mark, that is, the unmovable position, as its fully open position. In order to take into account the lock-up phenomenon caused by temperature changes, it is usually opened to the top position, and then rewind 1/2-1 circle, as the position of the fully open valve. Therefore, the fully open position of the valve is determined by the position of the gate (ie stroke).