The difference between fluoroplastics PTFE and PFA

With the gradual popularity of PFA in the market, more and more customers are beginning to contact and understand this new material. Although I have a preliminary understanding, I am not very familiar with it. Customers still have many questions about this material. Recently, customers often ask about the difference between “soluble polytetrafluoroethylene (PFA)” and “polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)” for this new material. Today, we will briefly explain here:

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (4)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (4)

The first is the difference in chemical structure:

PFA has added perfluoroalkoxy, which is equivalent to replacing one fluorine atom in PTFE with perfluoroalkoxy. A carbon is directly connected to an oxygen, and then the oxygen is connected to a group such as perfluoromethyl or perfluoroethyl. Compared with PTFE, the melt viscosity is reduced to facilitate processing. The other properties are not much worse than PTFE.

The second is the difference between applications:

PFA-has the same excellent properties as polytetrafluoroethylene, and has good thermoplasticity. It can be processed by ordinary thermoplastic resin processing methods. It is made by copolymerization of tetrafluoroethylene and perfluoropropyl vinyl ether in a certain proportion in an aqueous medium containing perfluorocarboxylate dispersant and persulfate initiator. It is a white translucent particle. It not only has the same operating temperature as PTFE, but also has better mechanical strength (about 2 to 3 times) at 250°C, and has excellent stress crack resistance. It has a wide processing range and good molding performance, and is suitable for molding processing such as compression molding, extrusion molding, injection molding, and transfer molding. It can be used to make wire and cable insulation sheaths, high frequency and ultra high frequency insulation parts, chemical pipelines, valves and pumps corrosion-resistant lining; special parts for machinery industry, various anti-corrosion materials for light and textile industry, PTFE anti-corrosion

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

lining Wait for the electrode. It is made by extruding meltable polytetrafluoroethylene pellets, with translucent milky white appearance, smooth surface, and dense and uniform cross-section. It is specially used for welding PTFE plates and tubes, so that PTFE products with simple shapes can be welded into products with complex shapes and larger sizes. The aqueous dispersion is a copolymer obtained by copolymerizing tetrafluoroethylene and perfluoropropyl vinyl ether, adding an emulsifier, and concentrating at a certain temperature. The solid content is 30%±1%. The appearance is milky white or light yellow translucent. It has various excellent properties of fusible polytetrafluoroethylene resin. It can be used for a long time at 260℃, and developed into advanced coatings with its excellent anti-sticking, anti-corrosion and easy processing properties. It can be sprayed and dipped, and is widely used in copy technology and food industry as anti-stick and anti-corrosion materials.

PTFE-Polytetrafluoroethylene is made by polymerizing tetrafluoroethylene monomer by suspension method or dispersion method. Molecular weight=5.2×105-4.5×107. White powder, 400 mesh accounted for 75%, tasteless, non-beauty and non-toxic. The relative density is 2.1-2.3, the refractive index is 1.37, the glass transition temperature is 327℃, and the thermal decomposition temperature is 415℃. Above 400°C, there is a slight weight loss and decomposes toxic gases. Use temperature -250~260 ℃, use at 210 ℃ up to 10000h. Excellent chemical resistance, resistance to any strong acid (including aqua regia), strong alkali, grease, insoluble in any solvent, very low friction coefficient, good wear resistance, and self-lubricating. Excellent aging resistance. Excellent electrical performance, good arc resistance. It is non-sticky, almost all sticky substances cannot adhere to its surface, and it is completely non-flammable. Known as the “Plastic King”. Tensile strength (MPa)>23 and elongation (%)>250.

Again, the difference in processing methods:

The main difference in processing methods is that PFA can be processed by hot melt injection molding, while PTFE cannot be processed by hot melt injection molding.

The above is the introduction to the difference between PFA and PTFE materials. For a long time in the past, PTFE has been sought after by the industry because of its superior physical and chemical properties. However, the limitations of its processing methods have made many scientists and engineers distressed. Finally, after PFA was launched on the market, it received new enthusiasm in the plastics industry. This kind of performance is similar to PTFE material, has very good processing performance, so that engineers’ problems can be easily solved. While PFA materials are gradually being widely used, I also hope that scientists can develop more advanced and superior materials to meet market needs.

The chemical composition, characteristics and applications of rubbers

Here we will introduce Rubber variety (abbreviated symbol) with their Chemical composition, Performance characteristics and Main application.

1. Natural rubber (NR) is mainly rubber hydrocarbon (polyisoprene), containing a small amount of protein, moisture, resin acid, sugar and inorganic salt. Large elasticity, high tensile strength, excellent tear resistance and electrical insulation, good wear resistance and drought resistance, good processability, easy to bond with other materials, and superior to most synthetic rubbers in comprehensive performance. Disadvantages are poor resistance to oxygen and ozone, easy to aging and deterioration; poor resistance to oil and solvents, low resistance to acid and alkali, and low heat resistance. Operating temperature range: about -60℃~+80℃. Production of tires, rubber shoes, hoses, tapes, insulation layers and sheaths of wires and cables, and other general products. It is especially suitable for manufacturing torsional vibration eliminators, engine shock absorbers, machine supports, rubber-metal

lug type butterfly valve-ductile iron

lug type butterfly valve-ductile iron

suspension components, diaphragms, and molded products.

2. Styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) is a copolymer of butadiene and styrene.
The performance is close to natural rubber, and it is currently the largest output of general-purpose synthetic rubber. It is characterized by abrasion resistance, aging resistance and heat resistance exceeding natural rubber, and its texture is more uniform than natural rubber. The disadvantages are: low elasticity, poor flex resistance and tear resistance; poor processing performance, especially poor self-adhesiveness and low green rubber strength. Operating temperature range: about -50℃~+100℃.
Mainly used to replace natural rubber to make tires, rubber sheets, hoses, rubber shoes and other general products.

3. Butadiene rubber (BR)
It is a cis-structure rubber formed by polymerization of butadiene. The advantages are: excellent elasticity and wear resistance, good aging resistance, excellent low temperature resistance, low heat generation under dynamic load, and easy metal bonding. The disadvantages are low strength, poor tear resistance, poor processing performance and self-adhesiveness. Operating temperature range: about -60℃~+100℃.
Generally used together with natural rubber or styrene-butadiene rubber, mainly to make tire treads, conveyor belts and special cold-resistant products.

4. Isoprene rubber (IR) is a kind of cis structure rubber made by polymerization of isoprene monomer. The che

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (4)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (4)

mical composition and three-dimensional structure are similar to natural rubber, and the performance is very close to natural rubber, so it is called synthetic natural rubber. It has most of the advantages of natural rubber. Due to its aging resistance, natural rubber has slightly lower elasticity and strength than natural rubber, poor processing performance and higher cost. Operating temperature range: about -50℃~+100℃ It can replace natural rubber to make tires, rubber shoes, hoses, tapes and other general products.

5. Chloroprene rubber (CR) is a polymer formed by emulsion polymerization of chloroprene as monomer.
This kind of rubber contains chlorine atoms in its molecule, so compared with other general rubbers: it has excellent antioxidant, ozone resistance, non-flammable, self-extinguishing after fire, oil resistance, solvent resistance, acid and alkali resistance, aging and gas resistance. Advantages such as good tightness;
Its physical and mechanical properties are also better than natural rubber, so it can be used as general-purpose rubber as well as special rubber. The main disadvantages are poor cold resistance, large specific gravity, high relative cost, poor electrical insulation, and easy sticking, scorching, and mold sticking during processing. In addition, the raw rubber has poor stability and is not easy to store. Operating temperature range: about -45℃~+100℃. It is mainly used to manufacture cable sheaths and various protective covers and protective covers that require high ozone resistance and high aging resistance; oil and chemical resistance hoses, tapes and chemical linings; flame-resistant rubber products for underground mining, and various moldings Products, sealing rings, gaskets, adhesives, etc.

6. Butyl rubber (IIR) is a copolymer of isobutylene and a small amount of isoprene or butadiene. The biggest feature is good air tightness, good ozone resistance, good aging resistance, high heat resistance, long-term working temperature can be below 130 ℃; resistance to strong inorganic acids (such as sulfuric acid, nitric acid, etc.) and general organic solvents, vibration absorption and damping characteristics Good and very good electrical insulation. The disadvantages are poor elasticity, poor processing performance, slow vulcanization speed, and poor adhesion and oil resistance. Operating temperature range: about -40℃~+120℃. Mainly used as inner tube, water tyre, balloon, wire and cable insulation layer, chemical equipment lining and shockproof products, heat-resistant conveyor belt, heat-resistant aging tape products.

7. Butadiene rubber (NBR) Copolymer of butadiene and acrylonitrile. It is characterized by its excellent resistance to gasoline and aliphatic hydrocarbon oils, second only to polysulfide rubber, acrylic ester and fluorine rubber, but better than other general rubbers. Good heat resistance, good air tightness, abrasion resistance and water resistance, and strong adhesion. The disadvantages are poor cold resistance and ozone resistance, low strength and elasticity, poor acid resistance, poor electrical insulation, and poor resistance to polar solvents. Operating temperature range: about -30℃~+100℃. Mainly used to manufacture various oil-resistant products, such as hoses, sealing products, etc.

8. Hydrogenated butadiene rubber (HNBR) is a copolymer of butadiene and acrylonitrile. It is obtained by fully or partially hydrogenating the double bonds in the butadiene of NBR.
It is characterized by high mechanical strength and abrasion resistance, and its heat resistance is better than NBR when crosslinked with peroxide
Good, other properties are the same as nitrile rubber. The disadvantage is that the price is higher. Operating temperature range: about -30℃~+150℃. Mainly used for oil and high temperature resistant sealing products.

9. Ethylene propylene rubber (EPM\\EPDM)
The copolymer of ethylene and propylene is generally divided into two yuan ethylene propylene rubber and three yuan ethylene propylene rubber.
It is characterized by excellent ozone resistance, ultraviolet resistance, weather resistance and aging resistance, ranking first in general rubber. Electrical insulation, chemical resistance, impact elasticity, acid and alkali resistance, low specific gravity, high filling compounding is possible. Heat resistance up to 150°C, resistance to polar solvents-ketones, esters, etc., but not to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. Other physical and mechanical properties are slightly inferior to natural rubber and superior to styrene butadiene rubber. The disadvantage is that the self-adhesion and mutual adhesion are very poor, and it is not easy to bond. Operating temperature range: about -50℃~+150℃. Mainly used as chemical equipment lining, wire and cable sheathing, steam hose, heat-resistant conveyor belt, rubber products for automobiles and other industrial products.

10. Silicone rubber (Q)
It is a special rubber with silicon and oxygen atoms in the main chain, of which silicon element plays a major role. Its main feature is high temperature resistance (maximum 300℃) and low temperature resistance (minimum -100℃). It is currently the best high temperature resistant rubber. It has excellent electrical insulation and high stability to thermal oxidation and ozone. , Chemically inert. The disadvantage is that the mechanical strength is low, oil resistance, solvent resistance, acid and alkali resistance are poor, it is difficult to vulcanize, and the price is more expensive. Operating temperature: -60℃~+200℃.

Tanghai Valve is the best manufacturer of  butterfly valve, check valve, knife gate valve in China. We produce the best quality products with competitive low prices.

Tianjin Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd. is one of the largest butterfly valve manufacturers in China, main products are butterfly valves, check valves, gate valve and globe valves. Key words:  butterfly valve, lug type butterfly valve, wafer type butterfly valve, U-type butterfly valve, double flange butterfly valve, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…)

URL: http://www.tanghaivalve.com

Name: Harry Li

Email: harry@tanghaivalve.com

Classification and introduction of pipe thread-(1)

Pipe thread is a thread used for connection on the pipe wall to the valves. There are 55-degree unsealed pipe threads and 55-degree sealed pipe threads. Mainly used to connect pipes to make the internal and external threads fit tightly. There are two types which are straight pipes thread and tapered pipes thread.
Common pipe threads mainly include the following types: NPT, PT, G, etc.

NPT thread picture

NPT thread picture

1) NPT is the abbreviation of National (American) Pipe Thread, which belongs to the American standard 60-degree tapered pipe thread and is used in North America. Refer to GB/T12716-1991 for the national standard.

2) PT (BSPT) is the abbreviation of Pipe Thread. It is a 55-degree sealed tapered pipe thread. It belongs to the Wyeth thread family. It is mostly used in Europe and the Commonwealth countries. It is often used in the water and gas pipe industry. The taper is 1:16. Refer to GB/ T7306-2000. The domestic name is ZG.

3) G is a 55-degree non-sealed pipe thread, which belongs to the Wyeth thread family. Marked as G stands for cylindrical thread. Refer to GB/T7307-2001 for the national standard.

Metric and inch threads

Metric threads are expressed by pitch, while American and British threads are expressed by the number of threads per inch;

Metric thread is 60-degree equilateral profile, inch thread is isosceles 55-degree profile, and American thread is isosceles 60-degree profile;

Use metric units (such as mm) for metric threads, and use imperial units (such as inches) for American and British threads;

“Insiders” usually use “minutes” to refer to the thread size, one inch equals 8 points, 1/4 inch equals 2 points, and so on.

In addition, there are: ISO—Metric Thread Standard 60°; UN—Unified Thread Standard 60°; API—American Petroleum Pipe Thread Standard 60°; W—British Wyeth Thread Standard 55°.

The difference between various threads

NPT, PT, G  are all pipe threads.

NPT is the abbreviation of National (American) Pipe Thread, which belongs to the American standard 60-degree tapered pipe thread and is used in North America. National standards can be found in GB/T12716-1991

PT is the abbreviation of Pipe Thread. It is a 55-degree sealed tapered pipe thread. It belongs to the Wyeth thread family and is mostly used in Europe and Commonwealth countries. Commonly used in water and gas pipe industry, the taper is 1:16. National standards can be found in GB/T7306-2000

G is a 55-degree non-thread sealed pipe thread, which belongs to the Wyeth thread family. Marked as G stands for cylindrical thread. National standards can be found in GB/T7307-2001

In addition, the 1/4, 1/2, and 1/8 marks in the thread refer to the diameter of the thread size, and the unit is inch. Insiders usually use points to refer to the thread size, one inch equals 8 points, 1/4 inch equals 2 points, and so on. G is the general name of pipe thread (Guan). The division of 55 and 60 degrees is functional, commonly known as pipe circle. That is, the thread is processed by a cylindrical surface.

ZG is commonly known as pipe cone, that is, the thread is processed by a conical surface. The general water pipe joints are like this. The national standard is marked as Rc metric thread to indicate the pitch, and the American thread is 60 degrees. Metric units are used for metric threads, and imperial units are used for American and British threads. Pipe thread is mainly used to connect pipelines. The internal and external threads are closely matched. There are two types of straight pipes and tapered pipes. The nominal diameter refers to the diameter of the connected pipe, obviously the thread diameter is larger than the nominal diameter. 1/4, 1/2, 1/8 are the nominal diameters of inch threads, and the unit is inches.

Inch pipe threads are derived from British Wyeth threads. The combination of Wyeth threaded pipe series and Wyeth thread profiles establishes the basic dimensions of British pipe threads. According to the 1/16 taper relationship, the radial diameter tolerance of Wyeth threads is converted into British sealed tubes. Tolerance of the axial number of threads (there is a certain amount of rounding and adjustment). Then refer to the tolerance value of the inch seal pipe thread to propose the tolerance of the inch unsealed pipe thread (the tolerance changes from one-way distribution to one-way distribution, relax the top Diameter tolerance, let go of the bottom diameter tolerance). The time for the three types of threads is:

In 1841, the British Wyeth thread was proposed, and in 1905, the new Wyeth thread standard (BS 84) was promulgated.

In 1905, the British Sealed Pipe Thread Standard (BS 21) was promulgated.

From 1905 to 1940, Wyeth Thread performed the responsibility of the imperial unsealed pipe. In 1940, the unsealed pipe thread series (BSP series) of Wyeth Thread was proposed; in 1956, the British unsealed pipe thread standard (BS 2779) was issued separately.

European countries and Commonwealth countries first accepted the imperial pipe thread standard. The ISO/TC5/SC5 Pipe Thread Standardization Technical Committee and its secretariat are controlled by European countries, and the imperial pipe thread standard was adopted by the ISO standard. In 1955, the ISO proposed the imperial sealed pipe thread Standard (ISO R 7); In 1961, ISO proposed the standard for imperial unsealed pipe threads (ISO R 228). In 1978, ISO promulgated two official standards for imperial pipe threads (ISO7-1 and ISO228-1). Threads have been generally accepted by countries outside North America and are widely used in international trade.

The inch pipe thread in the ISO standard has been converted to the metric system. The metric method of the inch pipe thread is very simple. Multiply the inch size of the original pipe thread by 25.4 to convert it to the millimeter size. The inch pipe thread size is being eliminated. The so-called use of real pipe thread standards is unrealistic. There is no distinction between real metric pipe threads and fake metric pipe threads.

The structure and connection of the American standard valve

American standard valves mainly have API and ASME standards. ASTM and ASTM are material standards; valves designed, manufactured, produced and tested according to American standards are called American standard valves.
The American standard valve is a control component in the fluid conveying system. It has the functions of cut-off, regulation, diversion, prevention of reverse flow, voltage stabilization, diversion or overflow and pressure relief; the valve used in the fluid control system is cut off from the simplest American standard. There are many types and specifications of American standard valves used in extremely complex automatic control systems. Valves can be used to control the flow of various types of fluids such as air, water, steam, various corrosive media, mud, oil, liquid metal and radioactive media. Valve types: gate valve, knife gate valve, check valve, butterfly valve and others.

The structure types:

code structure type explaination standard face to face
C BB-BG-OS&Y bolted bonnet, bolted gland, outside screw & yoke API602/API602M ASME B16.10
D BB-BG-OS&Y bolted bonnet, bolted gland, outside screw & yoke API603/API603M ASME B16.10
E BB-BG-OS&Y-N bolted bonnet, bolted gland, outside screw & yoke-needle type API602M ASME B16.10
G BC-PISTON-LIFT (BOLTED BONNE,PISTON-LIFT) API602M ASME B16.10
H BC-PISTON-LIFT (BOLTED BONNE,PISTON-LIFT) outside screw & yoke API603M ASME B16.10
B BB-BG-OS&Y-W BOLTED BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y ,BELLOWS SEAL TYPE) API600M ASME B16.10
L BB-BG-OS&Y-L BOLTED BONNET,BOLTEDGLAND ,OS&Y ,CRYOGENIC SERVICE SRRUCTURE ASME B16.34 ASME B16.10
1 BC-SWING (BOLTED BONNET,SWING) API600M ASME B16.10
2 PS-PISTON-LIFT (PRESSURE SEAL BONNET,PISTON-LIFT) API600M ASME B16.10
3 WAFER TYPE (WAFER CHECK VALVE) API594 API594
4 TILTING-DISC (TILTING-DISC TYPE CHECK VALVE) API600M ASME B16.10
5 BB-BG-OS&Y-F (BOLTED BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y,WITH SPECCIAL PACKING) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
6 BB-BG-OS&Y (BOLTED BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
7 BB-BG-OS&Y-H (BOLTED BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y,WITH   BLOMING HOLE) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
8 PS-BG-OS&Y (PRESSURE SEAL BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,OS&Y) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
9 PS-COVER SWING (PRESSURE SEAL BONNET, SWING) API600/API600M ASME B16.10
M BB-BG-M-SEAL PRESSURE SEAL BONNET,BOLTED GLAND,moving sealing API600M ASME 16.10

connection types:

code connection type explaination
S SW SOCKET WELDED
T NPT 60° Taper pipe thread/NATIONAL TAPER PIPE THREAD
G Rc 55° TAPER PIPE THREAD
R RF RAISED FACE
J RJ RING JOINT
W BW BUTT-WELDED
P PIPE EACH ENDWITH A 150mm SHORT PIPE
F MF(F) MALE-FEMALE FACE(FEMALE)
A RF-NPT one side RF, one side NPT

Tianjin Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd. is one of the largest butterfly valve manufacturers in China. It was founded in 2006. Its predecessor was Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Factory. Now we have our own independent R & D, manufacturing, assembly and warehousing workshops; we have professional pre-sale and after-sale technical support and perfect services.

Our products use advanced manufacturing technology, and strictly conform to API, DIN, BS, EN, ISO, GB and other international standards. The main products are butterfly valves, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…), etc. Our products are widely used in various fields such as marine industry, shipbuilding, petrochemical, metallurgy, water treatment, fire fighting, water supply and drainage, etc. The company has won unanimous recognition and praise from customers with high quality and good reputation.

Tianjin Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd. is one of the largest butterfly valve manufacturers in China, main products are butterfly valves, check valves, gate valve and globe valves. Key words:  butterfly valve, lug type butterfly valve, wafer type butterfly valve, U-type butterfly valve, double flange butterfly valve, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…)

URL: http://www.tanghaivalve.com

Name: Harry Li

Email: harry@tanghaivalve.com

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (4)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (4)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (2)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (2)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (6)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (6)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (1)

Wafer butterfly valve-PN20-WCB-ANSI-150 (1)

rising stem gate valve-OS&Y

rising stem gate valve-OS&Y

 

The difference between carbon steel and cast steel

What is the difference between cast steel and carbon steel? First, steel is classified by chemical composition
(1) Carbon steel: a. Low carbon steel (C≤0.25%) b. Medium carbon steel (C≤0.25~0.60%) c. High carbon steel (C≤0.60%)
Steel is classified according to the forming method: (1) Forged steel (2) Cast steel (3) Hot rolled steel (4) Cold drawn steel. The so-called cast steel and carbon steel are just the names produced by the different classifications of steel.

What is the difference between forged steel valve and cast steel valve? Forging and casting are two different

flanges

flanges

processing techniques.
Casting: The molten liquid metal fills the cavity and cools. Pores are easy to produce in the middle of the workpiece.
Forging: It is mainly formed by extrusion at high temperature. Can refine the crystal grain in the part.
Forging: Use hammering and other methods to make a metal material in a plastic state into a workpiece with a certain shape and size, and change its physical properties.
Casting: The metal is heated and melted and poured into a sand mold or mold, and solidified into a utensil after cooling.
The difference in performance
During forging, the metal undergoes plastic deformation to refine grains.

What is the difference between a cast iron valve and a cast steel valve? The main difference between cast iron and cast steel valves is the carbon content, which directly affects the strength and plasticity of the steel. Carbon steel is also called carbon steel, an iron-carbon alloy with a carbon content of less than 2% WC. In addition to carbon, carbon steel generally contains a small amount of silicon, manganese, sulfur, and phosphorus. According to its purpose, carbon steel can be divided into three types: carbon structural steel, carbon tool steel and free-cutting structural steel. Carbon structural steel is divided into building structural steel and machine-manufactured structural steel. According to the carbon content, carbon steel can be divided into low-carbon steel (WC ≤ 0.25%) and medium-carbon steel (WC0.25%-0.6%) And high-carbon steel (WC>0.6%) According to phosphorus and sulfur content, carbon steel can be divided into ordinary carbon steel (higher phosphorus and sulfur), high-quality carbon steel (lower phosphorus and sulfur) and high-quality Steel (lower phosphorus and sulfur) Generally, the higher the carbon content of carbon steel, the higher the hardness and the higher the strength, but the lower the plasticity.
The full name of carbon steel is carbon structural steel. Cast steel valves are also carbon steel valves (there are also cast iron valves). They are just made by casting methods, while common steels are made by rolling. The ingredients are the same.

What is the difference between cast steel, cast iron and carbon steel in valve materials? Simply put, you first

lug type butterfly valve, ductile iron, center lined,

lug type butterfly valve, ductile iron, center lined,

distinguish between iron and steel. Both steel and iron are alloys based on iron and carbon as the main additive element, collectively referred to as iron-carbon alloys.
The cast iron is smelted in an iron melting furnace to obtain cast iron (liquid), and the liquid cast iron is cast into a casting, which is called a cast iron.
What is the difference between cast steel and carbon steel. First, steel is classified by chemical composition
(1) Carbon steel: a. Low carbon steel (C≤0.25%); b. Medium carbon steel (C≤0.25~0.60%); c. High carbon steel (C≤0.60%).
Steel is classified according to the forming method: (For valves with different pressures, different materials are used.
Medium and low pressure valve, the valve body material is cast iron. For high-pressure valves, because of the large pressure, the valve body must be made of cast steel. Special valves may use various alloy materials and stainless steel.
It is said that carbon steel is only a kind of steel, and cast steel is a processing method of steel, not a concept.

What is the difference between carbon steel gate valve and cast steel gate valve. Many people think that carbon steel gate valves and cast steel gate valves are two kinds of materials.
1. The cast steel check valve and carbon steel check valve are check valves of the same material, both of which are made of WCB A216 carbon steel.
2. Cast steel check valve, because the valve body of WCB material is cast, so the name suggests, it is called cast steel check valve.
3. Carbon steel check valve, because the main material of WCB material is carbon steel, it is named carbon steel check valve.

The forging process of steel is different in processing form. Cast steel The steel used for pouring castings. A kind of casting alloy. Cast steel is divided into cast carbon steel, cast low alloy steel and cast special steel. Cast steel refers to a type of steel casting produced by casting methods. Cast steel is mainly used to manufacture some parts with complex shapes, difficult to forge or cutting and forming, but require high strength and plasticity. Forged steel: Forged steel refers to various forgings and forgings produced by forging methods. The quality of forged steel parts is higher than that of cast steel parts, can withstand large impact forces, and have plasticity, toughness and other mechanical properties.

What is the meaning of cast steel and carbon steel of the valve? What is the meaning of cast steel and carbon steel. Thank you. Carbon steel is represented by CS, but it is generally not mentioned in the case of cast steel. Detailed materials such as WCB, WCC, LCC, etc. will be stated.

The valve is a control component in the fluid conveying system. It has the functions of cut-off, regulation, diversion, prevention of reverse flow, stabilization, diversion or overflow and pressure relief. Valves used in fluid control systems, ranging from the simplest shut-off valve to the various valves used in extremely complex automatic control systems, have a wide variety and specifications.
Valves can be used to control air, water, steam, various corrosive media, mud, oil, liquid metal and radioactive media. >>Cast steel has less carbon content, good toughness, and higher pressure and temperature resistance than cast iron. Cast iron valves are not suitable for diesel, sea water and acid media. Cast iron valves are cheaper. Their materials are obviously different, and they are used in different environments! The cost is also different. In short, the price is analyzed in detail, and the properties of various materials are different. Temperature resistant. Cast steel valves can withstand high temperatures, but cast iron valves cannot be used with water.

Resilient seated socket end gate valve

GATE VALVE-resilient seated SOCKET END
Standard: EN1074; EN1171

Socket ended resilient seated wedge gate valve-ductile iron (1)

Socket ended resilient seated wedge gate valve-ductile iron (1)

CAST IRON / DUCTILE IRON GATE VALVE SOCKET END
NON RISING STEM
Pressure: PN10 / PN16
Connection ends: Socked ends, for PVC pipes, uPVC pipes
FACE TO FACE: ACCORDING TO BS, DIN, ANSI, AWWA, SABS STANDARD ETC.
BODY:CAST IRON/DUCTILE IRON
BONNET:CAST IRON/DUCTILE IRON
WEDGE:CAST IRON/DUCTILE IRON, fully vulcanized with EPDM rubber
STEM: SS/BRASS
Coating: fusion bonded expoxy coating

The opening and closing part of the socket gate valve is a gate. The movement direction of the gate is perpendicular to the direction of the fluid. The gate valve can only be fully opened and fully closed, and cannot be adjusted or throttled. The gate has two sealing surfaces. The two sealing surfaces of the most commonly used mode gate valve form a wedge. The wedge angle varies with valve parameters, usually 50, and 2°52′ when the medium temperature is not high. The gate of the wedge gate valve can be made into a whole, called a rigid gate; it can also be made into a gate that can produce slight deformation to improve its manufacturability and compensate for the deviation of the sealing surface angle during the processing. The plate is called an elastic gate.

Socket gate valve can be divided into wedge gate valve and parallel gate valve according to the sealing surface configuration. The wedge gate valve can be divided into: single gate, double gate and elastic gate; parallel gate valve can be divided into It is single gate type and double gate type. According to the thread position of the valve stem, it can be divided into two types: rising stem gate valve and non-rising stem gate valve.

When the socket gate valve is closed, the sealing surface can only rely on the medium pressure to seal, that is, rely on the medium pressure to press the sealing surface of the gate against the valve seat on the other side to ensure the sealing of the sealing surface, which is self-sealing. Most gate valves use forced sealing, that is, when the valve is closed, the gate must be forced against the seat by external force to ensure the sealing performance of the sealing surface.

The gate of the socket gate valve moves linearly with the valve stem, which is called rising stem gate valve (also called rising stem gate valve). Usually there is a trapezoidal thread on the lifting rod, through the nut on the top of the valve and the guide groove on the valve body, the rotary motion is changed into linear motion, that is, the operating torque is changed into operating thrust.

When the valve is opened, when the lifting height of the gate is equal to 1:1 times the valve diameter, the fluid passage is completely unblocked, but this position cannot be monitored during operation. In actual use, the apex of the valve stem is used as a mark, that is, the position where it cannot be opened, as its fully open position. In order to take into account the locking phenomenon of the temperature change, it is usually at the top position of the opening, and then rewind 1/2-1 turn as the position of the fully open valve. Therefore, the fully open position of the valve is determined by the position of the gate (that is, the stroke).

Socket ended resilient seated wedge gate valve-ductile iron (2)

Socket ended resilient seated wedge gate valve-ductile iron (2)

In some gate valves, the stem nut is set on the gate, and the rotation of the handwheel drives the rotation of the valve stem to lift the gate. This kind of valve is called a rotating stem gate valve or a dark stem gate valve.

advantage:
The fluid resistance is small, and the sealing surface is less brushed and corroded by the medium.
It is easier to open and close.
The flow direction of the medium is not restricted, does not disturb the flow, and does not reduce the pressure.
The shape is simple, the length of the structure is short, the manufacturing process is good, and the scope of application is wide.

Disadvantages:
It is easy to cause erosion and scratches between the sealing surfaces, which makes maintenance difficult.
The overall size is large, opening requires a certain amount of space, and the opening and closing time is long.
The structure is more complicated.

The types of socket gate valves can be divided into wedge gate valves and parallel gate valves according to the sealing surface configuration. Wedge gate valves can be divided into: single gate type, double gate type and elastic gate type; parallel gate type Gate valves can be divided into single gate type and double gate type. Divided according to the thread position of the valve stem, it can be divided into two types: open stem gate valve and dark stem gate valve.

Matters needing attention in installation and maintenance
Handwheels, handles and transmission mechanisms are not allowed to be used for lifting, and collisions are strictly prohibited.
The double gate valve should be installed vertically (that is, the valve stem is in the vertical position and the handwheel is at the top).
The gate valve with bypass valve should be opened before opening (to balance the pressure difference between inlet and outlet and reduce the opening force).
The gate valve with transmission mechanism should be installed according to the product manual.
If the valve is frequently opened and closed, lubricate at least once a month.

Structural features:
The general gate valves used on the market for a long time generally have water leakage or rust. The company introduces the elastic seat seal gate valve produced by European high-tech rubber and valve manufacturing technology, which overcomes the defects of poor sealing and rust of general gate valves. The sealing gate valve uses the compensation effect of the elastic gate plate to produce a small amount of elastic deformation to achieve a good sealing effect. The valve has the obvious advantages of light switch, reliable sealing, good elastic memory and service life. It can be widely used as a regulating and intercepting device on the pipelines of tap water, sewage, construction, petroleum, chemical industry, food, medicine, textile, electric power, shipbuilding, metallurgy, energy system, etc.

 

Types and classifications of gate valves

Gate valve, also called plate gate valve, is mainly composed of valve body, bonnet, disc, valve stem, valve seat and sealing packing. It is one of the most common valve types in isolation valves. The main purpose of the gate valve is to cut off the fluid. For this reason, it is usually called a “cut off” valve or a “blocking” valve. The gate valve has many different structural forms, and the sealing element structure used in it is different. According to the structure of the sealing element, it can be divided into several different types.

ductile iron soft seal gate valve-non rising stem

ductile iron soft seal gate valve-non rising stem

Classified by valve stem:
According to the stem type, it can be divided into rising-stem gate valve and non rising-stem gate valve. The valve stem is the operating part of the gate valve, and its function is to transmit the opening and closing force to the opening and closing parts.
1. The trapezoidal thread of the rising-stem gate valve is placed outside the valve body and located on the upper part of the valve stem. By rotating the valve stem nut, the valve stem drives the disc to rise and fall synchronously to realize the opening and closing of the valve, so it is easy to identify the valve The opening and closing state of the machine can avoid misoperation. Since the stem nut is outside the body cavity, it is beneficial to lubrication, and the opening and closing state is intuitive and obvious, so it is widely used. However, in harsh environments, the exposed threads of the valve stem are vulnerable to damage and corrosion, even affecting operation. Its disadvantage is that the height of the valve after opening is large, usually a stroke is added to the original height of the valve, which requires a lot of operating space.

rising stem gate valve-OS&Y (3)

rising stem gate valve-OS&Y (3)

2. Non rising-stem gate valve is also called rotating stem gate valve (also called non rising-stem wedge gate valve). The stem nut is placed inside the valve body and is in direct contact with the medium and is often fixed on the disc. Through the rotation of the valve stem, the valve stem nut drives the disc to move up and down to complete the opening and closing. Usually there is a trapezoidal thread at the bottom end of the valve stem. Through the thread at the bottom end of the valve and the guide groove on the valve disc, the rotary motion is changed into linear motion, that is, the operating torque is turned into operating thrust. Since the trapezoidal thread for transmission is located inside the valve body, it is easily corroded by the medium and cannot be lubricated. The opening degree cannot be directly observed, and an indicating device is required. However, its valve stem does not move up and down, and requires small operating space, so it is suitable for occasions with limited locations and dense pipelines.

Classified by structure:
According to the structure type, it can be divided into two types: wedge gate valve and parallel gate valve. That is, the disc is a wedge type is called a wedge gate valve, and the disc is a parallel type is a flat gate valve.
1. The flat gate valve means that the sealing surface is parallel to the vertical centerline, so the sealing surfaces on the valve body and the disc are also parallel to each other. The most common type of this kind of gate valve is the double disc type. In order to make the valve body and the two sealing surfaces of the disc tightly contacted when it is closed, a double-sided thrust wedge is often used between the two discs. It is mostly used in low pressure pipelines such as small pipelines. Parallel gate valves using a single disc are also available but rare.
2. Wedge gate valve means that the sealing surface is at a certain angle with the vertical center line, that is, the two sealing surfaces are wedge-shaped gate valves. The disc of wedge gate valve is single and double. The advantage of the double disc type is that the accuracy of the sealing angle is lower, the temperature change is not easy to make the disc wedged, and the sealing surface wear can be compensated with gaskets. The disadvantage is that the structure is complex, and it is easy to stick in dry media, and the main reason is that the disc is easy to fall off after the upper and lower baffles are rusted for many years.

non-rising stem gate valve-open and close position

non-rising stem gate valve-open and close position

rising stem gate valve-open and closed position

rising stem gate valve-open and closed position

Classification by other methods:
According to different standards: national standard gate valve, American standard gate valve, German standard gate valve, Japanese standard gate valve
According to the connection method: flange gate valve, welded gate valve, threaded gate valve (divided into internal thread and external thread)
According to pressure level: high pressure gate valve, low (medium) pressure gate valve
According to the driving mode: electric gate valve, pneumatic gate valve, manual gate valve
Classified by material: stainless steel gate valve, forged steel gate valve, cast steel gate valve, carbon steel gate valve, cast iron gate valve, copper gate valve (also divided into bronze gate valve, brass gate valve), ceramic gate valve, plastic gate valve

The main difference:
1. The lifting screw of the concealed rod flange gate valve only rotates and moves up and down. Only a rod is exposed. The screw cap is fixed on the disc. The disc is raised by the rotation of the screw, and there is no visible electric gate valve frame. ; The lifting screw of the rising stem flange gate valve is exposed, and the screw cap is close to the hand wheel and is fixed (not high-pressure gate valve rotation nor axial movement), the disc is improved by rotating the screw, the screw and the disc have only relative rotational movement There is no relative axial displacement, and the appearance is a gate-shaped bracket.
2. The valve stem with dark stem cannot be seen, while the stem with open stem can be seen.
3. The steering wheel and the valve stem are connected and relatively immovable when the dark stem valve is opened and closed. The valve stem rotates at a fixed point to help the valve clack move upward and downward to complete the opening and closing. The rising stem valve is driven by the turnbuckle of the valve stem and the steering wheel to raise or lower the disc.
To put it simply, the rising stem valve is that the disc and the stem move up and down together, and the steering wheel is always at a fixed point.
Is rising-stem gate valve or non rising-stem gate valve used outdoors?
For the valves installed in the outdoor valve wells, according to the experience of Tanghai valves, it is recommended that you use dark stem valves. The use of rising stem valves has the following disadvantages: 1. When the valve is opened and closed, the valve stem has to rise and fall, which takes up a lot of space. If the pipeline is not buried very deep, the valve well will hinder the opening of the valve. When the valve is opened, the valve well cover will not be closed or the valve cannot be fully opened. 2. After the number of switches is increased, the contact surface of the valve stem and the pressure flange will leak more seriously, and the packing should be replaced frequently. 3. If you don’t switch frequently, a part of the valve stem will be exposed to the valve body for a long time. In the humid environment of the valve well, the exposed valve stem is very easy to oxidize and rust. Once it needs to be closed, it will not be closed. Otherwise, grease must be applied frequently. In short, the maintenance workload is large. Dark stem valves do not have these problems, the probability of water leakage is also small, and of course the maintenance workload is also small. for reference only.

The opening and closing part of the rising-stem gate valve (gate valve) is a disc, and the movement direction of the disc is perpendicular to the direction of the fluid. The rising-stem gate valve can only be fully opened and fully closed, and cannot be adjusted or throttled.

Disc has two sealing surfaces. The two sealing surfaces of the most commonly used mode disc valve form a wedge. The wedge angle varies with valve parameters, usually 50, and 2°52′ when the medium temperature is not high. The disc of the wedge gate valve can be made into a whole, called a rigid disc; it can also be made into a disc that can produce slight deformation to improve its manufacturability and make up for the deviation of the sealing surface angle during the processing. This disc is called an elastic disc .

The types of rising-stem gate valve can be divided into wedge disc gate valve and parallel disc gate valve according to the sealing surface configuration. Wedge disc gate valve can be divided into: single disc type, double disc type and elastic disc type; parallel disc Type gate valve can be divided into single disc type and double disc type. According to the thread position of the valve stem, it can be divided into rising-stem gate valve and non rising-stem gate valve.

When the rising-stem gate valve is closed, the sealing surface can only rely on the medium pressure to seal, that is, only rely on the medium pressure to press the sealing surface of the disc to the valve seat on the other side to ensure the sealing of the sealing surface, which is self-sealing. Most gate valves adopt forced sealing, that is, when the valve is closed, the disc must be forced to the valve seat by external force to ensure the tightness of the sealing surface.
The working principle of rising-stem gate valve
Rotate the hand wheel, through the advance and retreat of the thread of the hand wheel and the valve stem, raise or lower the valve plate connected with the valve stem to open and close
The rising-stem gate valve has the following advantages:
The fluid resistance is small, and the sealing surface is less eroded and eroded by the medium.
It is easier to open and close.
The flow direction of the medium is not restricted, does not disturb the flow, and does not reduce the pressure.
The shape is simple, the length of the structure is short, the manufacturing process is good, and the scope of application is wide.
The disadvantages of rising-stem gate valve are as follows:
It is easy to cause erosion and scratches between the sealing surfaces, and maintenance is difficult.
The overall size is large, opening requires a certain amount of space, and the opening and closing time is long.
The structure is more complicated.
The types of gate valves can be divided into wedge disc gate valves and parallel disc gate valves according to the sealing surface configuration. Wedge disc gate valves can be further divided into: single gate, double disc and elastic disc; parallel disc gate valves can be Divided into single disc type and double disc type. According to the thread position of the valve stem, it can be divided into rising-stem gate valve and non rising-stem gate valve.
Installation and maintenance of rising-stem gate valve:
Handwheels, handles and transmission mechanisms are not allowed to be used for lifting, and collisions are strictly prohibited.
The double disc gate valve should be installed vertically (that is, the valve stem is in the vertical position and the handwheel is at the top).
The gate valve with a bypass valve should be opened before opening (to balance the pressure difference between the inlet and outlet and reduce the opening force).
The gate valve with transmission mechanism should be installed according to the product manual.
If the valve is frequently opened and closed, lubricate at least once a month.

Structural characteristics of rising-stem gate valve:
The general gate valves used on the market for a long time generally have water leakage or rust. The company introduces the elastic seat seal gate valve produced by European high-tech rubber and valve manufacturing technology, which overcomes the defects of poor sealing and rust of general gate valves. The sealing gate valve uses the compensation effect of the elastic disc to produce a small amount of elastic deformation to achieve a good sealing effect. The valve has the obvious advantages of light switch, reliable sealing, good elastic memory and service life. It can be widely used as a regulating and intercepting device on the pipelines of tap water, sewage, construction, petroleum, chemical industry, food, medicine, textile, electric power, shipbuilding, metallurgy, energy system, etc.

Features of rising-stem gate valve:
Light weight: The body is made of high-grade ductile iron, which is about 20% to 30% lighter than the traditional gate valve, and is easy to install and maintain.

Flat-bottomed gate seat: The traditional gate valve often deposits in the groove at the bottom of the valve due to foreign objects such as stones, wood, cement, iron filings, and other debris after the pipe is washed with water. The bottom of the elastic seat-sealed gate valve adopts the same flat-bottom design as the water pipe machine, which is not easy to cause debris siltation and makes the fluid flow unimpeded.

Integral encapsulation: The disc adopts high-quality rubber for the overall inner and outer rubber. European first-class rubber vulcanization technology enables the vulcanized disc to ensure accurate geometric dimensions, and the rubber and ductile disc are connected firmly, not easy to fall off, and have good elastic memory . water

Precision casting valve body: The valve body adopts precision casting, and the precise geometric dimensions make the inside of the valve body without any finishing to ensure the sealing of the valve.
Features of dark-rod soft-seal gate valve:
The overall valve encapsulation is used to produce a deformation compensation effect to achieve a good sealing effect, overcome the poor sealing, water leakage and rust of the general gate valve, and save installation space more effectively. It can be widely used in tap water, sewage, construction, petroleum, chemical, It is used as a regulating and intercepting device on fluid pipelines such as food, medicine, textile, electric power, shipbuilding, metallurgy, energy systems. Our factory introduces European high-tech valve manufacturing technology to produce elastic seat-sealed gate valves, which are deformed by the overall encapsulation of the gate. The compensation effect achieves a good sealing effect and overcomes the phenomenon of poor sealing, water leakage and rust of general gate valves. It can be widely used as a regulating and intercepting device on fluid pipelines such as tap water, sewage, construction, petroleum, chemical industry, food, medicine, minor injuries, electric power, ships, metallurgy, and energy systems.
1. The gate adopts integral rubber encapsulation, and its good covering performance and precise geometric dimensions ensure reliable sealing and longevity.
2. Light weight: The valve body is made of ductile iron, which is light in weight and easy to install.
3. Flat-bottomed valve seat: The bottom is designed with the same flat-bottomed valve seat as the water pipe, which does not produce debris and makes the seal more reliable.
4. Corrosion resistance: The inner cavity is coated with non-toxic epoxy resin to prevent corrosion and rust. Not only can it be used for raw drinking, but also can be used in sewage systems.
5. Three “0” seal: The valve stem is sealed with three O-rings, with low friction resistance, light switch and no water leakage.
How to select the non rising-stem gate valve and rising-stem gate valve?
For oil and natural gas pipelines, single disc or double disc gate valves are used. If you need to clean the pipeline, use a single disc or double disc rising-stem gate valve with diversion holes.
For the transportation pipeline and storage equipment of refined oil, select single disc or double disc gate valve without diversion hole.
For oil and natural gas mining wellhead devices, single disc or double disc gate valves with dark rod floating valve seats and diversion holes are selected, most of which are API16A standards, and the pressure levels are API2000, API3000, API5000, API10000, API15000, API20000.
For pipelines with suspended particulate media, use knife-shaped plate gate valves.
The city gas transmission pipeline adopts single disc or double disc soft-sealed rising-stem gate valve.
For urban tap water projects, single disc or double disc rising-stem gate valve without diversion hole is used.

The difference between American, Germany and China standard valve

The difference between American standard valve, German standard valve and China standard valve

lug type butterfly valve, ductile iron, center lined,

lug type butterfly valve, ductile iron, center lined,

(American Standard, German Standard, National Standard) The difference between the valves:
First of all, it can be distinguished from the standard codes of various countries: GB is the national standard, the American standard (ANSI), and the German standard (DIN). Secondly, it can be distinguished from the model. The valve model of the national standard is named according to the pinyin letter of the valve category. For example, the safety valve is A, butterfly valve, D, diaphragm valve, G, check valve, H, globe valve, J, throttle valve, L, drain valve, P, ball valve, Q, trap, S, gate valve, and so on. ,
There are no special specifications between American standard valves, German standard valves, and national standard valves. It is nothing more than the difference between production standards and pressure levels. The material of the valve body and internal parts are easy to say, it is nothing but cast iron, cast steel, stainless steel, etc. Taking the American standard as an example, the pressure level of the American standard ranges from 125LB to 2500LB (or 200PSI to 6000PSI), and the main standard is API, ANSI, commonly referred to as API, and ANSI valves are American standard valves; German standard valve pressures are usually PN10 to PN320. DIN standard; if the valve is flanged, the corresponding flange standard must be adopted. The world’s main valve standards are also the American Standard Petroleum Institute API standard, the American national standard ANSI, the German standard DIN, the Japanese standard JIS, the national standard GB, the European standard EN, and the British standard BS. ,
Simply put, American standard valves are valves designed, manufactured, produced and tested according to American standards. German standard valves are valves designed, manufactured, produced and tested according to German standards. The national standard valve is the valve designed, manufactured, produced and tested according to our country’s standard. The differences between the three are roughly as follows: 1. The flange standards are different; 2. The structural length is different; 3. The inspection requirements are different.
National Standard Valves American Standard Valves German Standard Valves (American Standard, German Standard, National Standard) Valve Standards: Chinese National Standards (GB) Chinese Ministry of Machinery Standards (JB) American National Standards (ANSI) American Petroleum Institute Standards (API) American Society for Testing and Materials Standards (ASTM) American Valve and Fitting Manufacturers Standardization Association Standards (MSS) Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) German National Standards (DIN) French National Standards (NF) British National Standards, European Standards (BS, EN) Other National Valve Standards ( ГOCT, IEEE, UL)

Tianjin Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Co., Ltd. is one of the largest butterfly valve manufacturers in China. It was founded in 2006. Its predecessor was Tanghai Valve Manufacturing Factory. Now we have our own independent R & D, manufacturing, assembly and warehousing workshops; we have professional pre-sale and after-sale technical support and perfect services.

After 14 years of continuous development and innovation, the company now has a group of high-tech engineers, technicians and skilled production workers, advanced production technology, sophisticated manufacturing equipment, complete testing methods, in strict accordance with international standards and quality management system, formed A comprehensive quality control network.

Our products use advanced manufacturing technology, and strictly conform to API, DIN, BS, EN, ISO, GB and other international standards. The main products are butterfly valves, gate valves, check valves, globe valves, valve parts (Valve body, Valve disc, Valve shaft, Valve seat…), etc. Our products are widely used in various fields such as marine industry, shipbuilding, petrochemical, metallurgy, water treatment, fire fighting, water supply and drainage, etc. The company has won unanimous recognition and praise from customers with high quality and good reputation.

Main application areas of 10 major types of valves

With the development of society and various needs of modern life, spare parts for the production of these important products are also emerging in endlessly areas. Below we list the main application areas of these 10 categories of

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

valves.

1. Valves for petroleum installations;

1) Oil refining plant,
Most of the valves used in oil refining equipment are pipeline valves, mainly gate valves, stop valves, check valves, safety valves, ball valves, butterfly valves, and traps. Among them, gate valves account for about 80% of the total number of valves (valves account for about 80% of the total number of valves). 3% to 5% of investment);

2) Chemical fiber device,
Chemical fiber products mainly include polyester, acrylic and vinylon. Ball valves and jacketed valves (jacketed ball valves, jacketed gate valves, jacketed stop valves) of the valves they need;

3) Acrylonitrile device.
The device generally requires standard valves, mainly gate valves, globe valves, check valves, ball valves, traps,

lift-swing-check-valve-2

lift-swing-check-valve-2

needle globe valves, and plug valves. Among them, gate valves account for about 75% of the total valve;

4) Synthetic ammonia plant.
Because the ammonia source and purification method are different, the process flow is different, and the technical function of the required valve is also different. At present, domestic ammonia plants mainly need gate valves, globe valves, check valves, traps, butterfly valves, ball valves, diaphragm valves, regulating valves, needle valves, safety valves, high temperature and low temperature valves;

2, Hydropower station application valve
The construction of power stations in my country is developing towards large-scale, so large-caliber and high-pressure safety valves, pressure reducing valves, stop valves, gate valves, butterfly valves, emergency shutoff valves and flow control valves, spherical sealing instrument stop valves are required (according to the country In the “Tenth Five-Year Plan”, in addition to Inner Mongolia and Guizhou provinces, which can build units with more than 200,000 kilowatts, other provinces and cities can only build units with more than 300,000 kilowatts);

3, metallurgical application valve
The behavior of alumina in the metallurgical industry mainly requires wear-resistant slurry valves (in-flow stop valves) and regulating traps. The steelmaking industry mainly needs metal sealed ball valves, butterfly valves and oxidation ball valves, stop flash and four-way reversing valves;

13 gate-valve-5

13 gate-valve-5

4, marine application valve
With the development of offshore oilfield exploitation, the amount of valves required for its offshore production has gradually increased. Offshore platforms need to use shut-off ball valves, check valves, and multi-way valves;

5, food and medicine application valve
This industry mainly needs stainless steel ball valves, non-toxic all-plastic ball valves and butterfly valves. Among the above 10 categories of valve products, the demand for general valves is more, such as instrument valves, needle valves, needle globe valves, gate valves, globe valves, check valves, ball valves, and butterfly valves.

6, rural and urban construction application valves
The urban construction department generally uses low-pressure valves, and is currently developing in the direction of environmental protection and energy saving. Environmentally friendly rubber plate valves, balance valves, centerline butterfly valves, and metal seal butterfly valves are gradually replacing low-pressure iron gate valves. Most of the valves used in domestic urban construction are balance valves, soft-seal gate valves, butterfly valves, etc.;

7. Valves for rural and urban heating
In the urban heat generation system, a large number of metal-sealed butterfly valves, horizontal balance valves and direct-buried ball valves are needed, because these valves solve the problem of vertical and horizontal hydraulic imbalance of pipelines, and achieve the purpose of energy saving and heat balance.

8. Environmental protection valve
In the domestic environmental protection system, the water supply system mainly requires centerline butterfly valves, soft-sealed gate valves, ball valves, and exhaust valves (used to remove air in the pipeline). The sewage treatment system mainly needs soft sealing gate valve and butterfly valve;

9. Gas valve
City gas accounts for 22% of the entire natural market, with a large amount of valves and many types. Mainly need ball valve, plug valve, pressure reducing valve, safety valve;

10. Valves for pipeline applications
Long-distance pipelines are mainly crude oil, finished products and natural pipelines. The most commonly used valves for this type of pipeline are forged steel three-body full bore ball valves, anti-sulfur flat gate valves, safety valves, and check valves.

Valve material comparison table-valve pressure-temperature

The relationship between valve temperature and pressure:
The valve operating temperature and pressure have a certain internal connection and influence each other. Among them, temperature is the dominant factor affecting the valve. A valve with a certain pressure is only suitable for a

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

certain temperature range, and changes in valve temperature can affect the valve’s operating pressure. E.g:
The nominal pressure of a carbon steel valve is 10MPa. When the medium working temperature is 200℃, its maximum working pressure P20 is 10MPa; when the medium working temperature is 400℃, its maximum working pressure P40 is 5.4MPa; when the medium works When the temperature is 450℃, the maximum working pressure P20 is 4.5MPa.

Valve material temperature and pressure comparison table:
Valve material and applicable pressure, temperature and grade
Gray cast iron is suitable for water, steam, air, gas, oil and other media with nominal pressure PN≤1.0MPa and temperature -10℃~200℃. Commonly used grades are: HT200, HT250, HT300, HT350.
Malleable cast iron Suitable for water, steam, air and oil media with nominal pressure PN≤2.5MPa and temperature -30~300℃. Commonly used grades are: KTH300-06, KTH330-08, KTH350-10.
Nodular cast iron is suitable for water, steam, air and oil with PN≤4.0MPa and temperature of -30~350℃. Commonly used grades are: QT400-15, QT450-10, QT500-7. At present, the level of domestic technology varies among factories, and it is often difficult for users to inspect. It is recommended that PN≤2.5MPa, and steel valves are used for safety.
Acid-resistant high-silica ductile iron Suitable for nominal pressure PN≤0.25MPa, suitable for corrosive media with temperature lower than 120℃.
Carbon steel is suitable for water, steam, air, hydrogen, ammonia, nitrogen and petroleum products with a nominal pressure of PN≤32.0MPa and a temperature of -30~425℃. Commonly used grades are WC1, WCB, ZG25, high-quality steel 20, 25, 30 and low-alloy structural steel 16Mn.
Copper alloy is suitable for water, sea water, oxygen, air, oil and other media with PN≤2.5MPa and steam media with temperature of -40~250℃. Commonly used grades are ZGnSn10Zn2 (tin bronze), H62, Hpb59-1 (brass) , QAZ19-2, QA19-4 (aluminum bronze).
High-temperature copper is suitable for steam and petroleum products with nominal pressure PN≤17.0MPA and temperature≤570℃. The specific selection must be in accordance with the valve pressure and temperature specifications. Commonly used grades are ZGCr5Mo, 1Cr5M0.ZG20CrMoV, ZG15Gr1Mo1V, 12CrMoV, WC6, WC9, etc.
Low-temperature steel is suitable for media with nominal pressure PN≤6.4Mpa and temperature≥-196℃ ethylene, propylene, liquid natural gas, liquid nitrogen, etc. Commonly used grades are ZG1Cr18Ni9, 0Cr18Ni9, 1Cr18Ni9Ti, ZG0Cr18Ni9
Stainless and acid-resistant steel Suitable for media such as nitric acid and acetic acid with nominal pressure PN≤6.4Mpa and temperature≤200℃. Commonly used grades are ZG0Cr18Ni9Ti, ZG0Cr18Ni10<nitric acid>, ZG0Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti, ZG1Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti<acid and urea>