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Classification and introduction of pipe thread-(2)

“Cylinder/cone” and “cone/cone”. Two inch seal pipe threads use different thread ring gauges (cylindrical thread ring gauge and tapered thread ring gauge) and thread plug gauge (the position of the datum plane is different, the two datum planes are different Half-tooth apart). Pipe threads that pass the inspection in European countries may be unqualified if they are inspected by countries outside of Europe. In international trade, you must pay attention to this difference, otherwise there may be waste. Before 1994, the ISO standard for sealed pipe threads and their gauges The standard is designed according to the “cone/cone” coordination system. China’s imperial sealed pipe thread products can directly enter the international market. However, the pipe thread products of European countries are in a disadvantageous position. After 2000, ISO’s imperial seal The pipe thread standard and its gauge standard are designed according to the “column/cone” matching question system. Our country’s original inch seal pipe thread products will encounter difficulties when entering the international market. For this reason, China revised the inch seal pipe in 2000 Thread national standard. Change the original one thread standard into two thread standards to remind the designer to pay attention to the difference and correct selection of the two mating threads. Japan still insisted on adopting 1994 when it revised the inch seal pipe thread standard in 1999 The ISO standard a year ago. Therefore, the international inch seal pipe thread market after 2000 is more complicated, and domestic

NPT thread picture

NPT thread picture

manufacturers must be careful.

Inch sealing pipe thread is a general purpose sealing pipe thread. Sealing filler should be added to the thread pair during use. Its characteristics are economical and the processing accuracy requirements are moderate. Without sealing fillers, it can ensure that the sealed connection thread is dry sealed Pipe thread. There is no dry seal pipe thread in the inch pipe thread system.

Sealed pipe threads have two functions: mechanical connection and sealing; non-sealed pipe threads have only one function of mechanical connection. Therefore, the accuracy of sealed pipe threads is stricter than that of unsealed pipe threads. Some people see unsealed pipe threads The tolerance of the pitch diameter is half of the tolerance of the sealed pipe thread. It is considered that the accuracy of the unsealed pipe thread is higher than that of the sealed pipe thread. This view is incorrect. The sealed pipe thread has requirements for the accuracy of the tooth shape. Its large diameter, The tolerances of the pitch diameter and the minor diameter are the same; the flank angle and pitch error have a greater impact on the sealing performance. The non-sealed pipe thread basically has no requirements for the accuracy of the tooth form. The top diameter tolerance is greater than the pitch diameter tolerance; the bottom diameter There is no tolerance requirement. In addition, some people think that it is possible to use non-sealed cylindrical internal threads and sealed cylindrical external threads to form a fit. This view is also wrong. This is equivalent to relaxing the accuracy requirements of sealed internal threads, and the sealing of pipe threads There may be a problem.

Due to differences in the use of sealed pipe threads, processing accuracy, assembly and testing techniques, the pipe thread standard cannot guarantee that all threaded parts that meet the standard can be sealed. In the imperial sealed pipe thread standard, a unified thread item cannot be proposed. The accuracy requirements of the parameters. These individual thread parameters have a direct impact on the sealing performance. The fundamental way to solve the problem is to formulate their own internal control measures for their specific products. Each industry or company formulates its own internal control measures. The internal control indicators of these parameters are generally confidential. Companies in other industries are not universal, and manufacturers must have a clear understanding of this. Sealing pipe thread standards are not omnipotent, and sealing problems may require manufacturers to pay attention to them. Before 1987, China did not have American and British pipe thread standards. But In production, these two internationally commonly used pipe thread standards cannot be avoided. For this reason, the old mechanical drawing standards once stipulated the marking codes for American and British pipe threads. These thread codes are derived from the Chinese Pinyin alphabet, and have not considered the foreign Whether the standard codes of standard pipe threads are consistent. Since this standard only specifies the thread codes and not the thread parameters, the same thread code may have different thread parameters in different companies or industries. There is no basis for judging who is right and who is wrong when there is a scrap .From 1987 to 1991, China promulgated the British pipe thread standard. From then on, the pipe thread code and marking should comply with the pipe thread standard. The pipe thread code specified in the old mechanical drawing standard should be abolished immediately.