Pipe thread is a thread used for connection on the pipe wall to the valves. There are 55-degree unsealed pipe threads and 55-degree sealed pipe threads. Mainly used to connect pipes to make the internal and external threads fit tightly. There are two types which are straight pipes thread and tapered pipes thread.
Common pipe threads mainly include the following types: NPT, PT, G, etc.
1) NPT is the abbreviation of National (American) Pipe Thread, which belongs to the American standard 60-degree tapered pipe thread and is used in North America. Refer to GB/T12716-1991 for the national standard.
2) PT (BSPT) is the abbreviation of Pipe Thread. It is a 55-degree sealed tapered pipe thread. It belongs to the Wyeth thread family. It is mostly used in Europe and the Commonwealth countries. It is often used in the water and gas pipe industry. The taper is 1:16. Refer to GB/ T7306-2000. The domestic name is ZG.
3) G is a 55-degree non-sealed pipe thread, which belongs to the Wyeth thread family. Marked as G stands for cylindrical thread. Refer to GB/T7307-2001 for the national standard.
Metric and inch threads
Metric threads are expressed by pitch, while American and British threads are expressed by the number of threads per inch;
Metric thread is 60-degree equilateral profile, inch thread is isosceles 55-degree profile, and American thread is isosceles 60-degree profile;
Use metric units (such as mm) for metric threads, and use imperial units (such as inches) for American and British threads;
“Insiders” usually use “minutes” to refer to the thread size, one inch equals 8 points, 1/4 inch equals 2 points, and so on.
In addition, there are: ISO—Metric Thread Standard 60°; UN—Unified Thread Standard 60°; API—American Petroleum Pipe Thread Standard 60°; W—British Wyeth Thread Standard 55°.
The difference between various threads
NPT, PT, G are all pipe threads.
NPT is the abbreviation of National (American) Pipe Thread, which belongs to the American standard 60-degree tapered pipe thread and is used in North America. National standards can be found in GB/T12716-1991
PT is the abbreviation of Pipe Thread. It is a 55-degree sealed tapered pipe thread. It belongs to the Wyeth thread family and is mostly used in Europe and Commonwealth countries. Commonly used in water and gas pipe industry, the taper is 1:16. National standards can be found in GB/T7306-2000
G is a 55-degree non-thread sealed pipe thread, which belongs to the Wyeth thread family. Marked as G stands for cylindrical thread. National standards can be found in GB/T7307-2001
In addition, the 1/4, 1/2, and 1/8 marks in the thread refer to the diameter of the thread size, and the unit is inch. Insiders usually use points to refer to the thread size, one inch equals 8 points, 1/4 inch equals 2 points, and so on. G is the general name of pipe thread (Guan). The division of 55 and 60 degrees is functional, commonly known as pipe circle. That is, the thread is processed by a cylindrical surface.
ZG is commonly known as pipe cone, that is, the thread is processed by a conical surface. The general water pipe joints are like this. The national standard is marked as Rc metric thread to indicate the pitch, and the American thread is 60 degrees. Metric units are used for metric threads, and imperial units are used for American and British threads. Pipe thread is mainly used to connect pipelines. The internal and external threads are closely matched. There are two types of straight pipes and tapered pipes. The nominal diameter refers to the diameter of the connected pipe, obviously the thread diameter is larger than the nominal diameter. 1/4, 1/2, 1/8 are the nominal diameters of inch threads, and the unit is inches.
Inch pipe threads are derived from British Wyeth threads. The combination of Wyeth threaded pipe series and Wyeth thread profiles establishes the basic dimensions of British pipe threads. According to the 1/16 taper relationship, the radial diameter tolerance of Wyeth threads is converted into British sealed tubes. Tolerance of the axial number of threads (there is a certain amount of rounding and adjustment). Then refer to the tolerance value of the inch seal pipe thread to propose the tolerance of the inch unsealed pipe thread (the tolerance changes from one-way distribution to one-way distribution, relax the top Diameter tolerance, let go of the bottom diameter tolerance). The time for the three types of threads is:
In 1841, the British Wyeth thread was proposed, and in 1905, the new Wyeth thread standard (BS 84) was promulgated.
In 1905, the British Sealed Pipe Thread Standard (BS 21) was promulgated.
From 1905 to 1940, Wyeth Thread performed the responsibility of the imperial unsealed pipe. In 1940, the unsealed pipe thread series (BSP series) of Wyeth Thread was proposed; in 1956, the British unsealed pipe thread standard (BS 2779) was issued separately.
European countries and Commonwealth countries first accepted the imperial pipe thread standard. The ISO/TC5/SC5 Pipe Thread Standardization Technical Committee and its secretariat are controlled by European countries, and the imperial pipe thread standard was adopted by the ISO standard. In 1955, the ISO proposed the imperial sealed pipe thread Standard (ISO R 7); In 1961, ISO proposed the standard for imperial unsealed pipe threads (ISO R 228). In 1978, ISO promulgated two official standards for imperial pipe threads (ISO7-1 and ISO228-1). Threads have been generally accepted by countries outside North America and are widely used in international trade.
The inch pipe thread in the ISO standard has been converted to the metric system. The metric method of the inch pipe thread is very simple. Multiply the inch size of the original pipe thread by 25.4 to convert it to the millimeter size. The inch pipe thread size is being eliminated. The so-called use of real pipe thread standards is unrealistic. There is no distinction between real metric pipe threads and fake metric pipe threads.