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The difference between fluorine-lined butterfly valve and metal butterfly valve

Butterfly valve is one of the most commonly used valves in industrial pipelines. It has a simple structure and is mainly composed of a valve body, a valve stem, a butterfly plate and a sealing ring. It is easy to operate and can be equipped with different driving devices, such as turbine devices, electric devices, and pneumatics. Equipment, etc., to adapt to more working conditions. Compared with other valves of the same caliber, the overall cost of butterfly valves can be reduced by 1.5 to 2 times, which is economical and practical. Therefore, butterfly valves are most suitable for large-diameter valves and are often used in occasions with larger calibers and flow rates.

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

According to the sealing form of the butterfly valve, we can divide the butterfly valve into two categories: soft sealing butterfly valve and hard sealing butterfly valve. The two butterfly valves with different sealing forms play different roles in the corresponding application pipelines, and it can even be said that there are big differences. Therefore, users should understand the difference between the two types of butterfly valves when choosing butterfly valves, and choose butterfly valve products reasonably and correctly according to their own operating conditions.
Among soft seal butterfly valves and hard seal butterfly valves, our most common and commonly used ones are soft seal fluorine lined butterfly valves and metal seated butterfly valves. The difference between fluorine lined butterfly valves and metal seal butterfly valves is that fluorine lined butterfly valves are generally used for flowing media containing corrosion. In the flexible pipeline, the sealing effect is excellent, and zero leakage can be achieved. However, due to its own material limitation, this type of butterfly valve is only suitable for use in normal temperature and pressure

triple offset butterfly valve-double flange- (4)

triple offset butterfly valve-double flange- (4)

conditions. The metal-sealed butterfly valve can be used in working conditions with relatively high temperature and pressure, and it also has certain anti-corrosion performance, but its sealing performance is poor. Specifically, the difference between fluorine-lined butterfly valve and metal sealing butterfly valve is as follows:
1. The difference in structure:
Both sides of the metal seal butterfly valve seal pair are made of metal materials. As for the fluorine-lined butterfly valve of soft sealing butterfly valve, the butterfly plate and valve seat are both wrapped with PTFE;
2. The difference in sealing performance:
The sealing material of fluorine-lined butterfly valve is tetrafluoroplastic, which has excellent sealing performance, but it is prone to aging, abrasion and short service life. The sealing performance of the metal sealing butterfly valve is relatively poor, but it is corrosion-resistant, wear-resistant and has a long service life.
3. The difference in applicable working conditions:
The fluorine-lined butterfly valve has strong corrosion resistance and can be used in corrosive media pipelines. It is only suitable for normal temperature and pressure environments. The metal sealing butterfly valve has poor sealing performance and is generally used in high temperature and high pressure environments.
4. The difference in manufacturing process:
In terms of working principle, the difference between fluorine-lined butterfly valve and metal-sealed butterfly valve is not big. The difference in manufacturing process between the two is mainly in the valve seat. The seat material of the fluorine-lined butterfly valve is non-metallic PTFE and metal-sealed butterfly valve. The valve seat is made of metal materials, and the commonly used materials are copper alloy, chromium stainless steel, stellite alloy, nickel-based alloy and so on.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

Related news/knowledge:
electric fluorine-lined butterfly valve vs electric metal seated butterfly valve
Classification and selection of fluorine-lined valves
Fluorine-lined valve instructions | Installation instructions
pneumatic fluorine-lined butterfly valve vs pneumatic hard-sealed butterfly valve

The Basic Knowledge of Butterfly Valves

Butterfly valve is also called butterfly type valve or flap valve, which is a kind of regulating valve with very simple structure. Its main structure is composed of valve body, butterfly plate, valve stem, valve seat, transmission device and operating mechanism.
How does the butterfly valve work?
The working principle of the butterfly valve is that a disc-shaped butterfly plate is used as the opening and closing part, which is connected with the valve stem and rotates with the valve stem around its own axis in the valve body to realize the opening and closing and adjustment of the pipeline. When the butterfly plate rotates 90° in the closed position, the valve is in a fully open state. At this time, the thickness of the butterfly plate is the only resistance to the flow of the medium, and the resistance is very small. In addition, changing the angle of the butterfly plate can be used to adjust the media flow. Butterfly valves are generally installed in the diameter direction of the pipeline and can be installed at any position.
The structural principle of the butterfly valve is very suitable for making large-diameter valves, which are used in general industries such as petroleum, gas, chemical industry, and water treatment. The most common fault in the use of butterfly valves is that the sealing surface rubber of the butterfly valve is corroded, worn and teared, aging or even falling off during long-term continuous use, which causes the valve to jam and cannot be closed normally, which affects the valve’s performance. Sealing performance. In order to solve this problem, the structure of the butterfly valve has been continuously optimized.
The simplest butterfly valve is the concentric butterfly valve, that is, the shaft center of the valve stem, the center of the butterfly plate, and the center of the body are in the same position. The structure of this kind of butterfly valve is very simple. The disadvantage is that the butterfly plate and the valve seat are severely squeezed and scratched, and the sealing surface wears quickly.
In order to make up for the shortcomings of the concentric butterfly valve, the single eccentric butterfly valve was born. The stem axis of the single eccentric butterfly valve deviated from the sealing center of the valve plate, so that the lower end of the butterfly plate is no longer the center of rotation, and the lower end of the butterfly plate and the valve seat are reduced. The pressure brought by the excessive squeeze.

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valvedoes

The double eccentric butterfly valve is an improvement based on the single eccentric butterfly valve. The stem axis of the double eccentric butterfly valve deviates from the center of the seal and the center of the valve body. The advantage of the double eccentric butterfly valve is that the butterfly plate can be quickly separated from the valve seat after the valve is opened, which largely eliminates unnecessary squeezing and scratching between the butterfly plate and the valve seat, and also reduces the opening and closing of the valve. Resistance, wear and tear are reduced, and the life of the valve seat is improved.
All of the above valves have a shortcoming. They are all soft-sealed and cannot withstand high temperatures, but the use of high-temperature resistant metal materials to make butterfly valves has no guarantee of sealing performance. In order to solve this problem, a triple eccentric butterfly valve was developed.
The biggest feature of the triple eccentric butterfly valve is that it fundamentally changes the sealing structure of the butterfly valve. The triple eccentric butterfly valve is a torsion seal, not a position seal, that is to say, it no longer relies on the elastic deformation of the valve seat to seal, but completely relies on The contact surface pressure of the valve seat achieves the sealing effect. Therefore, the triple eccentric butterfly valve is resistant to high temperature, high pressure, and corrosion, but also has a good sealing effect.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

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Commonly Used Seat Materials for Butterfly Valve

The valve seat is a detachable part inside the valve. Its main function is to support the valve core to be fully closed or fully closed, and to form a sealing pair. Under normal circumstances, the diameter of the valve seat is the size of the valve. The butterfly valve seat is made of a wide range of materials, but the commonly used materials include soft-seal EPDM, nitrile rubber (NBR), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and metal hard-seal hard alloy materials. kind. Let’s introduce them one by one below.

wafer type butterfly valve, EPDM seat (10)

wafer type butterfly valve, EPDM seat (10)

1. EPDM: Compared with other general-purpose rubbers, EPDM has great advantages.
①The cost performance is very high. Among the commonly used rubbers, EPDM has the lightest raw rubber density and can be filled in a large amount, reducing the cost of the rubber.
②EPDM material is resistant to aging, sun exposure, heat resistance, moisture resistance, and radiation resistance, and is suitable for weak acid and weak alkali media. Good insulation properties.
③The applicable temperature range can be as low as -40℃–60℃, and it can be used for a long time under the temperature condition of 130℃.
2. Nitrile rubber (NBR): oil resistance, heat resistance, abrasion resistance and good water resistance, air tightness and excellent bonding properties. It is widely used in petroleum pipelines. The disadvantage is that it is not resistant to low temperature, ozone, poor insulation performance, and general elasticity.
3. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE): A fluoroplastic, this material has strong resistance to acids, alkalis, and various organic solvents. At the same time, the material is resistant to high temperatures and can be used continuously at 260°C, and the maximum use temperature can reach 290-320°C. The emergence of PTFE has successfully solved many problems in the chemical, petroleum, pharmaceutical and other industries.

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

4. Metal hard seal (hard alloy): The material of the metal hard seal valve seat has very good high temperature and high pressure resistance, corrosion resistance, wear resistance and other characteristics, which makes up for the defects of soft seal material that is not resistant to high temperature and high pressure. However, the hard seal material has high requirements on the processing technology. The only disadvantage of the metal hard seal valve seat is that the sealing performance is poor, and leakage will occur after a long time of operation.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

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Fluorine-lined butterfly valve vs metal seated butterfly valve

The difference and selection of fluorine-lined butterfly valve and metal seated butterfly valve
As one of the most commonly used valves in process pipelines, butterfly valves are not only simple in structure, easy to operate, and equipped with different driving devices, but also can form a variety of control methods, such as electric butterfly valves, hydraulic butterfly valves, pneumatic butterfly valves, etc.! Moreover, butterfly valves are often used in occasions with large caliber and flow. Compared with other valves of the same caliber, the cost can be reduced by 1.5 to 2 times, which is economical and practical!

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-DOUBLE FLANGE (2)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-DOUBLE FLANGE (2)

According to the different sealing forms of butterfly valves, they can be divided into two categories, one is soft seal and the other is metal seated! The two butterfly valves with different sealing forms play different roles in the relatively used pipelines. In a sense, there are still big differences! When choosing, users should have a detailed understanding and awareness of the difference between the two!

Take the most common soft-sealed fluorine-lined butterfly valves and metal hard-sealed butterfly valves, fluorine-lined butterfly valves are generally used for pipelines containing corrosive media, and the sealing effect can reach zero leakage, but it is only suitable for normal temperature and pressure! The hard-sealed butterfly valve is relatively high in temperature and pressure, but the sealing and corrosion resistance are not as good as the soft-sealed butterfly valve!
1. From the structure: The metal seated butterfly valve refers to the metal material or other harder materials on both sides of the sealing pair. For soft sealing butterfly valves, the two contacting sealing surfaces can be separate or all of soft materials. For example, fluorine-lined butterfly valve means that the butterfly plate and valve seat are both wrapped in PTFE;

triple offset butterfly valve-double flange- (5)

triple offset butterfly valve-double flange- (5)

2. In terms of sealing performance: The advantage of the soft-sealed fluorine-lined butterfly valve is that it has good sealing performance, but the disadvantage is that it is easy to age, wear, and has a short service life. The metal seated butterfly valve has a long service life, but the sealing performance is relatively worse than that of the soft seal.
3. From the conditions of use: The soft-sealed fluorine-lined butterfly valve is used in normal temperature and pressure environments, while the hard-sealed butterfly valve can be used in low temperature, normal temperature, high temperature and other environments. Generally, it can be used for higher pressure, but the soft seal is not. However, the fluorine-lined butterfly valve has Super corrosion resistance!
4. From the manufacturing aspect: As for the manufacturing, from the principle point of view, the difference between the two is not big, mainly the difference in the valve seat. The soft-sealed fluorine-lined butterfly valve is a non-metallic structure, and the hard-sealed butterfly valve is a metal structure. It is necessary to consider the metal structure. The relationship between the hardness, the working conditions, what medium is used, and so on.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

Related news /products:
electric fluorine-lined butterfly valve vs electric metal seated butterfly valve;
pneumatic fluorine-lined butterfly valve vs pneumatic hard-sealed butterfly valve;
Classification and selection of fluorine-lined valves;

Vulcanized vs soft seated/back-up butterfly valve

The difference between rubber-lined butterfly valve and rubber butterfly valve (illustration)
The difference between a rubber-lined butterfly valve and a rubber butterfly valve, and the difference between a rubber-lined butterfly valve and a plastic-lined butterfly valve. The rubber-lined butterfly valve uses a high-temperature method to vulcanize the rubber and the valve body into one body. It has very high corrosion resistance and is generally used. To control some corrosive fluids with strong acidity and alkalinity. The rubber butterfly valve is a butterfly valve whose seal is a rubber seal, which is generally called a valve seat, and is separately installed into a whole.

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

At normal temperature, the abrasion resistance of natural soft rubber is much better than that of nitrile rubber, but their high temperature resistance is the highest limit within 80 degrees, and it is not suitable for use if it exceeds.
The difference between a fully lined butterfly valve and a half lined butterfly valve:
1. Semi-lined butterfly valve means: the butterfly valve is not lined with rubber, but the place where the butterfly valve is connected to the valve body is lined with rubber;
2. Fully lined butterfly valve means: the butterfly plate of the butterfly valve and the part connected with the valve body are lined with rubber. The difference between rubber-lined butterfly valve, fluorine-lined butterfly valve and plastic-lined butterfly valve: rubber-lined butterfly valve and fluorine-lined butterfly valve are only one kind of plastic-lined butterfly valve.

wafer type butterfly valve (6)

wafer type butterfly valve (6)

The sealing materials in the rubber-lined butterfly valve are:
Applicable temperature of hard rubber NR: -10℃~85℃,
Applicable temperature of soft rubber BR: -10℃~85℃,
Suitable temperature for butyl rubber IIR: -10℃~120℃,
Applicable temperature of neoprene CR: -10℃~105℃;
The sealing materials in the fluorine-lined butterfly valve are:
Use temperature of polyperfluoroethylene FEP (F46): -85℃~150℃,
Polytetrachloroethylene PTFE (F4) operating temperature: -200℃~180℃,
Polytrifluoroethylene PCTEF (F3) operating temperature: -195℃~120℃,
Polypropylene: RPP operating temperature: -14℃~80℃,
Polyvinyl chloride: rigid) PVC service temperature: 0℃-55℃,
Polyvinylidene chloride PVDF (F2) operating temperature: -70℃~100℃,
Polyolefin: PO Operating temperature: -58℃~80℃.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

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Fluorine-lined valve instructions | Installation instructions

Fluorine-lined valve instructions | Installation instructions
1 The fluorine-lined valve flange cover cannot be opened at will. Unless it is ready to be connected to the pipeline, the PTFE flange surface may be bumped, scratched or deformed due to temperature differences and foreign objects, which may affect the sealing. If the cover is moved due to inspection needs, It is also necessary to quickly reset the cover plate after inspection to protect the PTFE flange surface.

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (9)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (9)

2 When the fluorine-lined valve is connected to the pipeline, the gasket is generally no longer used alone, but when it is connected with the flange surface of dissimilar materials (metal surface, etc.), appropriate gaskets should be used to protect the PTFE flange surface.
3 During the use of the fluorine-lined valve, if a leak occurs at a higher temperature, the system temperature should be lowered to room temperature first, and then the cause should be investigated and repaired.
4 During installation, the flange nuts should be evenly tightened in the diagonal direction (symmetrically), and matched with appropriate torque: a If the flange sealing surface leaks and the leak location nut is locked, the leak location nut should be loosened at this time Half a circle, and then apply the same torque to the opposite side to lock it again; b If the above method still does not stop the leakage, check whether the PTFE flange surface has unevenness, indentation, scratches, and then it can be leveled with fine gauze paper or cloth. reconnect.
5 It is not allowed to do any high temperature welding work on the fluorine-lined valve to avoid permanent damage to the lining layer.
6 Fluorine-lined valves should be stored in a dry and ventilated room. Stacking is strictly prohibited.
7 Fluorine-lined valves after maintenance must be tested and qualified according to relevant standards before they can be installed.
8 When manually operating the fluorine-lined valve, it is not allowed to force the valve to be opened or closed with the help of other levers.
9 When installing fluorine-lined valves with directional requirements, pay attention to the flow of the medium in the direction indicated by the arrow on the valve body, and ensure convenient operation and maintenance.
10 The sealing pair of fluorine-lined valves stored for a long time should be in a slightly separated state to avoid permanent deformation of the sealing surface under long-term pressure, which will affect the sealing performance and service life.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

The difference between fluoroplastics PTFE and PFA

With the gradual popularity of PFA in the market, more and more customers are beginning to contact and understand this new material. Although I have a preliminary understanding, I am not very familiar with it. Customers still have many questions about this material. Recently, customers often ask about the difference between “soluble polytetrafluoroethylene (PFA)” and “polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)” for this new material. Today, we will briefly explain here:

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (4)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (4)

The first is the difference in chemical structure:

PFA has added perfluoroalkoxy, which is equivalent to replacing one fluorine atom in PTFE with perfluoroalkoxy. A carbon is directly connected to an oxygen, and then the oxygen is connected to a group such as perfluoromethyl or perfluoroethyl. Compared with PTFE, the melt viscosity is reduced to facilitate processing. The other properties are not much worse than PTFE.

The second is the difference between applications:

PFA-has the same excellent properties as polytetrafluoroethylene, and has good thermoplasticity. It can be processed by ordinary thermoplastic resin processing methods. It is made by copolymerization of tetrafluoroethylene and perfluoropropyl vinyl ether in a certain proportion in an aqueous medium containing perfluorocarboxylate dispersant and persulfate initiator. It is a white translucent particle. It not only has the same operating temperature as PTFE, but also has better mechanical strength (about 2 to 3 times) at 250°C, and has excellent stress crack resistance. It has a wide processing range and good molding performance, and is suitable for molding processing such as compression molding, extrusion molding, injection molding, and transfer molding. It can be used to make wire and cable insulation sheaths, high frequency and ultra high frequency insulation parts, chemical pipelines, valves and pumps corrosion-resistant lining; special parts for machinery industry, various anti-corrosion materials for light and textile industry, PTFE anti-corrosion

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

Fluorine lined butterfly valve-PTFE-WAFER (8)

lining Wait for the electrode. It is made by extruding meltable polytetrafluoroethylene pellets, with translucent milky white appearance, smooth surface, and dense and uniform cross-section. It is specially used for welding PTFE plates and tubes, so that PTFE products with simple shapes can be welded into products with complex shapes and larger sizes. The aqueous dispersion is a copolymer obtained by copolymerizing tetrafluoroethylene and perfluoropropyl vinyl ether, adding an emulsifier, and concentrating at a certain temperature. The solid content is 30%±1%. The appearance is milky white or light yellow translucent. It has various excellent properties of fusible polytetrafluoroethylene resin. It can be used for a long time at 260℃, and developed into advanced coatings with its excellent anti-sticking, anti-corrosion and easy processing properties. It can be sprayed and dipped, and is widely used in copy technology and food industry as anti-stick and anti-corrosion materials.

PTFE-Polytetrafluoroethylene is made by polymerizing tetrafluoroethylene monomer by suspension method or dispersion method. Molecular weight=5.2×105-4.5×107. White powder, 400 mesh accounted for 75%, tasteless, non-beauty and non-toxic. The relative density is 2.1-2.3, the refractive index is 1.37, the glass transition temperature is 327℃, and the thermal decomposition temperature is 415℃. Above 400°C, there is a slight weight loss and decomposes toxic gases. Use temperature -250~260 ℃, use at 210 ℃ up to 10000h. Excellent chemical resistance, resistance to any strong acid (including aqua regia), strong alkali, grease, insoluble in any solvent, very low friction coefficient, good wear resistance, and self-lubricating. Excellent aging resistance. Excellent electrical performance, good arc resistance. It is non-sticky, almost all sticky substances cannot adhere to its surface, and it is completely non-flammable. Known as the “Plastic King”. Tensile strength (MPa)>23 and elongation (%)>250.

Again, the difference in processing methods:

The main difference in processing methods is that PFA can be processed by hot melt injection molding, while PTFE cannot be processed by hot melt injection molding.

The above is the introduction to the difference between PFA and PTFE materials. For a long time in the past, PTFE has been sought after by the industry because of its superior physical and chemical properties. However, the limitations of its processing methods have made many scientists and engineers distressed. Finally, after PFA was launched on the market, it received new enthusiasm in the plastics industry. This kind of performance is similar to PTFE material, has very good processing performance, so that engineers’ problems can be easily solved. While PFA materials are gradually being widely used, I also hope that scientists can develop more advanced and superior materials to meet market needs.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

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