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Application of metal seated butterfly valve in metallurgical field

In the initial use of metallurgical blast furnaces, gate valves occupies half of the country. However, as the government has increased its efforts in environmental protection construction, and the pipe diameter of the blast

D943H-16C-metal seated stainless steel electric triple offset butterfly valve

D943H-16C-metal seated stainless steel electric triple offset butterfly valve

furnace system has gradually increased, the metal seated butterfly valve, which is light in weight, good in sealing performance, small in torque, and more suitable for making large-diameter valves, has gradually replaced gate valves. It is widely used in the field of metallurgy.
The metal hard seal butterfly valve has two driving methods: hydraulic drive and electric drive. In the ironmaking blast furnace, it is mainly installed in the waste heat utilization system, the dry dust removal system and the gas pipe network. It is used under the high temperature conditions of large nominal diameter, low working pressure and opening and closing pressure difference, and temperature of 200-350℃ . Because most of the metallurgical system pipelines are high-temperature gas media, the metal hard seal eccentric butterfly valve has been developed.
The metal hard sealing butterfly valve adopts surface-to-surface contact, and the sealing material is metal, so it is more resistant to high temperatures, even up to 400°C. However, correspondingly, the selection of metal seals has become very important. We must choose old brands and professional brands. Because brand manufacturers pay attention to reputation and their qualifications are relatively sound, we can check whether the metal seal is of high quality when purchasing, which can ensure that it maintains flexibility under high temperature conditions. This is also the possibility to ensure that the metal eccentric butterfly valve will not deform and leak after a period of use.
Now Tanghai also has a triple-eccentric butterfly valve whose sealing pair is a multi-layer composite material, which is a composite of metal and non-metal materials. This further makes up for the slight inferiority of metal sealing performance to fluorine lining, especially the non-metal interlayer in the middle can make the sealing of the sealing pair produce a stepped sealing form. After long-term use, it can still maintain good and reliable high-temperature use effects. The disadvantage is that the valve can maintain good sealing performance while maintaining high temperature and aging resistance. Various systems in metallurgical blast furnaces have been widely used, especially high-temperature systems.
Metal hard seal butterfly valves are suitable for high temperature gas pipeline systems in metallurgy, mining, cement, chemical, power generation and urban heating industries, as opening and closing equipment. In addition, Tanghai’s metal eccentric hard seal butterfly valve has compact structure, few parts, small size, light weight, high temperature resistance, flexible opening and closing, and can achieve zero leakage under long-term working conditions, long service life, and low power required. , The future will also usher in a wider range of applications.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

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The structure and application fields of the lug type butterfly valve
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Electric ball valve-metal seated vs soft-seated type

Electric globe valve selection and application

Electric shut-off valve selection, Electric shut-off valve application, globe valve also named shut off valve or cut off valve.
Advantages of electric shut-off valve:
Once the electric shut-off valve is in the open state, there is no contact between its valve seat and the sealing surface of the disc, so its sealing surface is less mechanically worn, because most of the electric shut-off valves have relatively easy repairs. Or there is no need to remove the entire valve from the pipeline when replacing the sealing

electric globe valve

electric globe valve

element,which is very suitable for the occasion where the valve and the pipeline are welded together. The most obvious advantage is that during the opening and closing process, the friction between the disc and the sealing surface of the valve body is smaller than that of the gate valve, so it is wear-resistant. The opening height is generally only 1/4 of the diameter of the valve seat passage, so it is much smaller than the gate valve. Usually there is only one sealing surface on the valve body and the valve flap, so the manufacturing process is better and it is easy to maintain. The flow direction of the medium through this type of valve has changed, so the flow resistance of the electric shut-off valve is higher than that of other valves.

Selection of electric shut-off valve:
Commonly used electric globe valves are electric straight-through globe valves, electric throttle valves, electric angle globe valves, electric DC globe valves, electric plunger globe valves, etc. In addition to electric throttle valves, other electric globe valves generally do not Make high-pressure choices.
1. Angle type electric shut-off valve; in the angle type electric shut-off valve, the fluid only needs to change its direction once, so that the pressure drop through this valve is smaller than that of the conventional structure of the electric shut-off valve.
2. DC type electric shut-off valve; electric shut-off valve in the DC type or Y-shaped electric shut-off valve, the flow passage of the valve body is in a diagonal line with the main flow path, so that the degree of damage to the flow state is smaller than that of the conventional electric shut-off valve, so it passes The pressure loss of the valve is correspondingly small.
3. Plunger type electric shut-off valve: This type of electric shut-off valve is a modification of the conventional electric shut-off valve. In this valve, the disc and valve seat are usually designed based on the plunger principle. The valve clack is polished so that the plunger and the valve stem are connected, and the sealing is achieved by two elastic sealing rings sleeved on the plunger. The two elastic sealing rings are separated by a sleeve ring, and the sealing ring around the plunger is pressed firmly by the load exerted on the bonnet by the bonnet nut.
Electric shut-off valve application:
If the electric shut-off valve is used in high-pressure occasions, it is generally connected by butt welding, or electric angle type shut-off valve is used. According to the material, you can choose carbon steel or 304 stainless steel. If the temperature is relatively high, you need to choose chromium-molybdenum steel or chromium-molybdenum-vanadium steel. The typical J941Y-170V electric high temperature and high pressure stop valve used in power plants.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

Related news /knowledge:
Classification of the globe valves-(1);
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working principle of electric globe valve

Application of low temperature butterfly valve

Article title: Application of low temperature triple eccentric butterfly valve
With the rapid development of industrial technology, more stringent requirements have been put forward for valves, especially for butterfly valves used in low temperature media. In addition to meeting the performance of general valves, it is more important that butterfly valves seal under low temperature conditions. Reliability, flexibility of action and some other special requirements for cryogenic valves. Now combined with its structural characteristics, a brief introduction to the performance of the cryogenic butterfly valve is given. Remarks: The cryogenic butterfly valve we are talking about here specifically refers to the low temperature triple eccentric butterfly valve.

triple offset valve parts-after-cryogenic process

triple offset valve parts-after-cryogenic process

Requirements for sealing performance of low temperature triple eccentric butterfly valve:
There are two main reasons for the leakage of the low temperature triple eccentric butterfly valve, one is internal leakage; the other is external leakage.
1. Internal leakage of butterfly valve:
The main reason for the internal leakage of the valve is the deformation of the sealing pair in the low temperature state. When the temperature of the medium drops to a phase change of the material, the volume changes, which causes the sealing surface with high grinding accuracy to warp and deform, resulting in poor low-temperature sealing. We conducted a low temperature test on the DN250 valve. The medium was liquid nitrogen (-196 ℃) and the butterfly plate material was 1Cr18Ni9Ti (without low temperature treatment). It was found that the sealing surface warped and deformed up to about

cryogenic triple offset butterfly valve 1

cryogenic triple offset butterfly valve 1

0.12mm, which is the main cause of internal leakage. And if the plane seal of the butterfly valve is changed to a cone seal. The valve seat is an oblique cone ellipse sealing surface, which forms a sealing pair with a round elastic sealing ring embedded on the butterfly plate. The sealing ring can float radially in the butterfly plate groove. When the valve is closed, the elastic sealing ring first contacts the short axis of the elliptical sealing surface. As the valve stem rotates, the sealing ring is gradually pushed inward, forcing the elastic ring to contact the long axis of the oblique cone surface, and finally the elastic sealing ring All contact with the oval sealing surface. Its sealing is achieved by the deformation of the elastic ring. Therefore, when the valve body or butterfly plate is deformed at low temperature, it will be absorbed and compensated by the elastic sealing ring, and leakage and jamming will not occur. When the valve is opened, this elastic deformation disappears immediately, and there is basically no relative friction during the opening and closing process, so the service life is long.
2. Leakage of butterfly valve:
One is that when the valve and the pipeline are connected by flanges, leakage occurs due to the unsynchronized contraction and relaxation of the connecting gasket, connecting bolts, and connecting materials at low temperatures. Therefore, we changed the connection between the valve body and the pipeline from a flange connection to a welded structure to avoid low temperature leakage. The second is leakage at the valve stem and packing. Generally, most valve packing adopts F4 because of its good self-sliding performance, low friction coefficient (friction coefficient for steel f=0.05 ~ 0.1), and unique chemical stability, so it is widely used. However, F4 also has shortcomings. First, the tendency of cold flow is large; second, the linear expansion coefficient is large, and the cold shrinkage at low temperature causes leakage, which causes a large amount of ice at the valve stem, so that the valve fails to open. The low-temperature triple-eccentric butterfly valve developed for this purpose adopts a self-shrinking sealing structure, that is, taking advantage of the large expansion coefficient of F4, and achieves the purpose of sealing at room temperature and low temperature through the reserved gap.
Design requirements for low temperature triple eccentric butterfly valve body and stem bushing:
1. The structure and shape of the cryogenic valve shell. The correct selection of materials is of great significance to the normal and reliable operation of the valve. Compared with the stop valve and gate valve, the structural characteristics of the butterfly valve not only avoid the irregular shape and uneven shell wall thickness, which can cause problems at low temperatures. Due to the small size of the butterfly valve, the shape of the valve body is basically symmetrical, so the heat capacity is small; the pre-cooling consumption is also small; the shape is regular and it is convenient to take measures to keep the valve cold. ,
2. Selection of stem bushing: Some low-temperature triple-eccentric butterfly valves are in operation, the rotating parts of the valve are sticky, and seizure occurs from time to time. The main reason is: unreasonable selection of matching materials, too small pre-cooling clearance, and processing Causes such as low accuracy. In the development of cryogenic valves, a series of measures have been taken to prevent the occurrence of the above phenomena. For the upper and lower bushings of the valve stem, SF-1 type composite bearings with low friction coefficient and self-lubricating properties are selected, which can be suitable for some special needs of cryogenic valves. The metal-sealed butterfly valve has the characteristics that some ordinary valves do not have, especially the small flow resistance, reliable sealing, rapid opening and closing, and long service life. The triple eccentric metal sealing butterfly valve is sealed by the deformation of the elastic ring, so it does not need to rely on the force of the medium, so it can be used for two-way sealing.
Related information: The difference of cryogenic valve and ordinary temperature valve; Cryogenic valve principle |standard |illustration |selection

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

Valve material and valve standards-(8)- Monel alloy application

4. Application of Monel alloy:
The A and E levels of M35-1, M35-2 and QQ-N2-88 are usually used to manufacture refined Monel alloy pumps,

buttefly valve stem shaft parts (6)

buttefly valve stem shaft parts (6)

valves and accessories. The B-grade (3.5%Si) Monel alloy with the highest Si content is mainly used to manufacture shafts and wear-resistant rings that require good wear resistance due to its high strength, corrosion resistance and wear resistance. Class D (4.0% Si) Monel alloy is used to manufacture parts that require higher wear resistance and corrosion resistance.
Monel alloy valves have two types: integral and internal. The integral Monel alloy valve means that the valve shell and internal parts are all Monel, which is mainly used in the HF acid regeneration tower part of the alkylation unit of the refinery. Due to the high HF acid regeneration temperature (149°C) and high water content, an overall alloy valve is required. In addition, the overall Monel alloy valve is also used in the production of ashless additives for catalysts in refineries and high-concentration chlor-alkali systems in chlor-alkali plants. Situation.
The Monel alloy internal valve means that the valve housing is made of carbon steel or stainless steel, and the internal valve is made of Moenl alloy. The Monel alloy valve with carbon steel as the shell is mainly used in the low temperature area of ​​the HF calculation system of the alkylation unit of the refinery. The use of carbon steel is good for low temperature (≤71°C) anhydrous hydrofluoric acid (HF) However, carbon steel will form a film on its surface due to corrosion when used in this working condition for a long time. If carbon steel is used in the valve sealing part, the film formed after corrosion will affect the sealing performance of the valve. It should be pointed out that the commonly used Cr13 type sealing material for carbon steel valves cannot resist the corrosion of HF acid, and the internal material is much cheaper for Monel alloy valves. The Monel alloy valve with carbon steel as the shell can also be used in working conditions such as sea water. The valve housing is made of stainless steel Monel alloy internal valve, which is used in ethylene, propylene, liquid oxygen, pure oxygen, sea water and other working conditions. The monolithic Monel alloy valve and Monel alloy internal valve used in the alkylation unit require a pressure level of CL300 from a safety point of view. The pressure level of Monel alloy internal valve for other working conditions is CL150 and CL300. Or PN116-614Mpa etc.
5. Melting and casting of monel alloy:
The smelting and casting technology of Monel alloy is the key to determine whether the qualified Monel alloy castings can be produced. Because Moenl alloy has developed dendrites, shrinkage cavities and porosity, the tendency of gas absorption (hydrogen absorption, oxygen absorption) is great, and it will Sulfurizing chemical reaction occurs with molding materials. From a safety point of view, Monel alloy valves are required to undergo radiographic inspection in accordance with Class A pipeline valves in highly toxic and dangerous media such as hydrofluoric acid, chlorine and hydrogen chloride gas. . Although the American standard points out that casting M35-1 can be welded, in fact its weldability is extremely poor, and the quality of repaired castings is difficult to guarantee. The density of M35-1 alloy is 8163t/m3 (at 20°C), the solidification shrinkage rate is 21mm/m, and the alloy melting point is 1315-1345°C. The Class A and Class E of M35-1, M35-2 and QQ-N2-88 are delivered as cast. Although there are many grades of cast Monel alloy, when used to cast Monel alloy valve castings, M35-1 in ASTMA494 is mainly used.
Cast Monel alloy and deformed Monel alloy have little change in chemical composition (Table 4), but this change satisfies its better deformability for deformation and gold, while it provides better casting for cast alloys. performance. This is the reason why cast Monel alloy grades are used when casting, and deformed Monel alloy grades are used when selecting rolling materials.
Table 4. Commonly used cast and deformed Monel alloy chemical composition of valves (%)

Grade name chemical composition /%
C Mn Si P S Cu Fe Ni others
M35-1 ≤0.35 ≤1.5 ≤1.25 ≤0.03 ≤0.03 26-33 ≤3.5 Ba
Monel400 ≤0.30 ≤2.0 ≤0.5 ≤0.024 Ba ≤2.5 63-70
MonelK500 ≤0.25 ≤1.5 ≤0.5 ≤0.01 Ba ≤2.0 63-70 Al2.5-3.5, Ti0.35-0.85

6. Conclusion
The current U.S. technical standards for Monel alloys include ASTM, SAE, AMS (American Aeronautical Standards Institute), MIL (U.S. Department of Defense Standards), ANSI, ASME and QQ (American Federal Standards). For the Monel alloy of the same grade, different technical specification systems are adopted, not only the representation method of the grade is different, but the number and content of the specification are not completely the same. Usually military products use MIL, QQ or AMS specifications, and civil products use ASTM and ASME specifications.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D.

Related news /knowledge:
Valve material and valve standards-(7)- Monel alloy;
The difference between carbon steel and cast steel;
Valve body and material classification;
What is the material of the main parts of the butterfly valve?-(1);

Valve actuator / actuation -(8)- application areas

Application areas of valve actuators:
Electric actuators are mainly used in the following three areas:
1. Power plant
Typical applications are:
① Application in thermal power industry
Air blower damper damper, Primary air intake damper, Air preheat damper damper, Flue gas recirculation, Bypass

electric actuator for butterfly valve

electric actuator for butterfly valve

damper damper, Secondary air intake damper, Main bellows damper damper, Burner adjustment lever, Burner swing drive, Hydraulic push rod drive, Impeller Machine speed control, flue gas control valve steam, control valve, ball valve and butterfly valve, control sliding gate
②Valve actuator applications in other power industries
Ball valve dust control water jet impeller speed control control large hydraulic valve gas control valve burner ignition start steam control valve condensate recirculation, deaerator, boiler feed water, superheat controller, reheat thermostat controller, and other related valve applications
2. Process control
Used in the production process control of chemical, petrochemical, mold, food, medicine, packaging and other industries, according to established logic instructions or computer programs to accurately position, start and stop valves, tools, pipes, baffles, chutes, platforms, etc. , Opening and closing, rotation, use the temperature, pressure, flow, size, radiation, brightness, chromaticity, roughness, density and other real-time parameters detected by the system to adjust the system to realize the control of intermittent, continuous and cyclic processing .
3. Industrial automation
It is used in a wide range of aviation, aerospace, military, machinery, metallurgy, mining, transportation, building materials, etc., to adjust and control the movement points (moving parts) of various automation equipment and systems.
Examples of main applications in process control and industrial automation are as follows:
① Application in the production of sulphur ore
Water injection flow control ball valve and butterfly valve control
②Application of Potassium Carbonate Pipeline Valve Actuator
Sliding gate diverter Gate ball valve and butterfly valve Ball control valve
③Application of water treatment valve actuator
Liquid flow control, pressure regulator pressure control, acid solution flow control
④Application of valve actuator in limestone/cement plant
Ball or butterfly valve controls the treatment of dry cement, gypsum, or liquid. Air supply and induced draft fan adjustable damper damper bypass damper damper Environmental pollution control and dust removal device sliding door to control the logistics of raw materials in hoppers and storage gates control raw materials in The gas control valve at the feed port adjusts the intake air volume of the burner on the converter. The steam control valve controls the steam required for the production process.
⑤Application of actuators in grain processing plants
Gate Diverter valve Distributor Material unloader/heater Dust removal isolation baffle Air flow control (logistics drying) Ball valve and butterfly valve control
⑥Application of damper and valve actuator in steel mill
Ball or butterfly valve controls, the control of cooling water, wastewater, or other cooling media. Adjustable damper baffle air supply and induced draft fan bypass damper damper, gate Environmental pollution control and dust removal device, Sliding door controls, the flow of raw materials at the inlet to the hopper ,The raw materials in the storage warehouse are subject to logistics control, gas control valve, steam control valve, adjustment of the burner on the converter, and control of the steam required for the production process
⑦The application of damper and valve actuator in aluminum factory
Air blower damper damper, Primary air intake damper, Air preheat damper damper, Flue gas recirculation, Bypass damper damper, Secondary air intake damper, Main bellows damper damper, Burner adjustment lever, Burner swing drive, Hydraulic push rod drive, Impeller Machine speed control flue gas control, valve steam, control valve ball valve, and butterfly valve control, sliding gate
⑧Application of process control baffle
Air replenishment Exhaust fan bypass Hot/cold air mixing Emergency shutdown
⑨Application in petroleum industry
Oil injection process flow control Gas lift pipeline main valve pressure control Water injection process flow control Oil well oil quality sampling test / production valve
⑩Application in natural gas production and transportation industry
Gas lift airflow flow control, Gas pipeline main valve pressure control, Compressor surge control, Natural gas pressure control, Natural gas pipeline main valve pressure control, Emergency shutdown, Natural gas pressure regulator control, Pressure control, Compressor surge control, Flow control

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

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Notes on selection and installation of butterfly valve;
Valve actuator / actuation -(1)-introduction;
Valve installation instructions and process precautions;
Working principle of electric gate valve

Valve actuator / actuation -(4)-angle stroke valve actuator application

Angle stroke valve actuator application products:

1. Butterfly valve:
The baffle of the butterfly valve controls the flow of fluid with the rotation of the shaft. It is composed of valve body, baffle, baffle shaft and shaft seal. Its simple structure, small size, light weight, low cost and large flow capacity are especially suitable for occasions with low pressure difference, large diameter, large flow gas and fluid with su

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

ductile iron, DI, butterfly valve, manufacturer, center line, TH valve

spended solids, but the leakage is large. Its flow characteristics are achieved at the corners. The front and equal percentage characteristics are similar, but the work will be unstable and the characteristics will not be good in the future; use in the corner range. Butterfly valves are not only widely used in general industries such as petroleum, gas, chemical, and water treatment, but also used in cooling water systems of thermal power stations.

2. Ball valve:
The ball valve is defined in the standard GB/T21465-2008 “Valve Terminology” as a valve in which the opening and

closing part (sphere) is driven by the valve stem and rotates around the axis of the valve stem. The ball valve has a 90-degree rotation. The cock body It is a sphere with a circular through hole or channel passing through its axis. It is mainly used to cut off or connect the medium in the pipeline, and can also be used for fluid adjustment and control. Among them, the hard-sealed V-shaped ball valve has a strong shear between the V-shaped core and the metal seat of the hard alloy. Shearing force is especially suitable for media containing fibers and tiny solid particles. The multi-way ball valve can not only flexibly control the confluence, divergence, and flow direction switching of the

14 ball-valve-6

14 ball-valve-6

medium in the pipeline, but also close any channel and connect the other two channels. This type of valve should generally be installed horizontally in the pipeline. Ball valve classification: pneumatic ball valve, electric ball valve, manual ball valve. The ball valve can be closed tightly with only a 90-degree rotation and a small torque. The ball valve is most suitable for use as a switch and shut-off valve, V-shaped ball valve. In the developed western countries, the use of ball valves is increasing year by year. In our country, ball valves are widely used in petroleum refining, long-distance pipelines, chemicals, papermaking, pharmaceuticals, water conservancy, electric power, municipal administration, steel and other industries. Occupy a pivotal position in the national economy.

3. Cam flex valve:

Cam flex valve, also known as eccentric rotary valve, is also a new-type regulating valve. The center line of the spherical valve core deviates from the center of the rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft drives the valve core to rotate eccentrically, so that the valve core enters the valve seat forward and downward.

The eccentric rotary valve has the advantages of small size, light weight, reliable use, convenient maintenance, strong versatility, and low fluid resistance. It is suitable for occasions with high viscosity and has good performance in lime, mud and other fluids.

TH Valve is a professional manufacturer of butterfly valvegate valvecheck valveglobe valveknife gate valve, ball valve with API, JIS, DIN standard, used in Oil, Gas, Marine industry, Water supply and drainage, fire fighting, shipbuilding, water treatment and other systems, with Nominal Diameter of DN50 to DN1200, NBR/EPDM/VITON, Certificates & Approvals: DNV-GL, Lloyds, DNV, BV, API, ABS, CCS. Standards: EN 593, API609, API6D

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Types and working principles of electric valves;
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The working principle of butterfly valve (picture);
Characteristics and working principle of electric globe valve